Vast majority of Americans aware of, and support, Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine pause

Latest Axios/Ipsos poll shows removing the one-dose shot from the market has not impacted people's likelihood to get vaccinated

The author(s)

  • Chris Jackson Senior Vice President, US, Public Affairs
  • Mallory Newall Director, US, Public Affairs
  • Jinhee Yi Research Analyst, US, Public Affairs
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Washington, DC, April 20, 2021

Nine in ten Americans are aware of the temporary pause in distributing Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccines, according to the latest Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index, which was fielded just a few days after the pause was announced. A similarly high majority believes the CDC and FDA are acting responsibly in recommending this pause. At the same time, Americans continue to tiptoe toward normalcy, as more are doing activities outside of the home, and fewer report wearing masks at all times compared to previous weeks.

Detailed findings:

1. Nearly all Americans are aware of the pause in J&J COVID-19 vaccines, almost right after it was announced. A vast majority believe health officials are acting responsibly in taking this step.

  • Ninety-one percent of Americans have heard of the pause, showing a clear breakthrough of the issue in our collective consciousness in a very short period of time.
  • Nearly the same number, 88%, feel the FDA and CDC are acting responsibly by recommending a pause in the J&J vaccine (among those that have heard of the pause).
  • Over time, trust in the CDC and national public health officials to provide people with accurate information about COVID-19 has remained high, and steady (around two-thirds to 70% trust these entities), which could be a contributing factor in this belief.
  • Americans, regardless of political affiliation, feel health officials are acting responsibly by recommending the pause in the one-dose vaccines; 87% of Republicans and 91% of Democrats agree.

W44 2. Amidst the pause in the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, there has been no change in Americans’ likelihood to get vaccinated against the coronavirus.

  • Currently, 20% say they are not at all likely to get the vaccine, as soon as it’s available to them. This number has remained steady since early January 2021.
  • At the same time, the number of American adults that report receiving at least one dose of the vaccine continues to climb (now at 56%).

3. Americans are continuing to re-emerge. Their habits, and calculation of risk, are changing accordingly.

  • This week, there are small, but steady, increases in the number of people that report going out to eat and visiting retail stores. A bare majority (53%) also report having visited friends or relatives in the past week. 
  • At the same time, the number of Americans that report having social distanced in the past week (61%) is down six points from this time last month and 13 points from two months ago.
  • While a clear majority of Americans still report wearing a mask at all times when leaving the house (63%), this number is down 10 percentage points from this time two months ago, and is at the lowest point we’ve seen since last summer.
  • The perceived risk of returning to your normal, pre-coronavirus life is at the lowest level since we’ve started asking the question (currently 52%). The risks associated with specific activities such as shopping in retail stores and in grocery stores, and attending sporting events, is also declining.

Washington, DC, April 6, 2021

Spring has brought a surge in Americans connecting with friends, family, and getting out of the home as fewer see coronavirus as a major risk. Almost half report receiving the vaccine with virtually all knowing someone who has, potentially helping lower the levels of concern around the pandemic. Additionally, Americans are growing optimistic about their financial well-being, as a majority receives the second round of stimulus benefits this year.

However, some groups continue to resist getting the coronavirus vaccine, including parents, suggesting reaching herd immunity might be a more drawn-out affair. Additionally, large majorities of Americans report they intend to continue masking and social distancing until the end of the pandemic, even if they have received the vaccine.

Detailed findings:

1. Americans are increasingly getting out of the home as they reconnect with loved ones.

  • Over half (55%) of Americans report seeing family or friends in the last week, a pandemic-era high. A slightly lower level (45%) report going out to eat in the last week. Over a third (37%) of Americans report visiting a park, beach, or other outdoor space.
  • Less than two-thirds (64%) of Americans report that they social distanced in the last week.

Wave 432. American economic well-being is generally in the positive for the first time since the pandemic began.

  • More Americans report their ability to effectively do their job improved (11%) than got worse (8%) for the first time since the start of the pandemic.
  • Likewise, Americans' ability to afford household goods and pay their rent or mortgage are net even or positive.
  • Only a quarter of employed Americans (28%) report working remotely rather than at their normal workplace.
  • Almost two-thirds (63%) report receiving stimulus money from the government, which has primarily gone to savings (40%), paying off debts (30%), or basic needs (27%).

3. The perceived risk of ‘regular’ activities continues to decline.

  • Just over half (55%) say returning to their pre-coronavirus life is a moderate or large risk to their health right now, the lowest level of risk since tracking began in April 2020.
  • Over two-thirds (71%) still see traveling by airplane or mass transit as risky, but that is down from 80% in February 2021.
  • Likewise, 69% see attending a sporting event as risky, down from 79% in September 2020.

4. Almost half of American adults (47%) have gotten at least a single dose of the vaccine with 9 in 10 knowing someone who’s been vaccinated.

  • Among those who’ve gotten the vaccine, two-thirds (64%) have received the full course while one-third (36%) are partially vaccinated.
  • Almost half of Americans (47%) report knowing someone who had trouble getting a vaccine appointment, essentially unchanged from March.

5. However, there are some indicators that some remain resistant to the vaccine.

  • One in five (19%) Americans continue to say they are not at all likely to get the vaccine. This figure has barely budged since the beginning of 2021.
  • Republicans (31%) and those with a high school education or less (28%) remain most resistant to the vaccine.
  • Only half (52%) of parents currently say they are likely to have their child get the COVID-19 vaccine as soon as it is available to their age group.

Washington, DC, March 23, 2021

The number of American adults that report having received a COVID-19 vaccine is up significantly from two weeks ago, according to the latest Axios/Ipsos Coronavirus Index. At the same time, the number of people reemerging – going to restaurants, shopping in retail stores, and seeing people outside of their household – continues to climb.

Detailed findings:

1. The number of American adults who have received vaccination against the coronavirus is rapidly increasing, and a vast majority know at least someone who has received the vaccine.

  • Currently, 36% of American adults have received a vaccination, up 11 percentage points from two weeks ago.
  • This increase is still driven primarily by older Americans (both in the 65+ and 50-64 age groups) but is starting to trickle down to younger Americans as well.
  • Nine in ten Americans say they know someone – either themselves, a family member, or someone else – who has received a vaccine.
  • However, the number of Americans who are “not at all likely” to receive the first generation COVID-19 vaccine remains steady – about one in five say this. When these people are asked in an open-ended format about why they do not plan to get vaccinated, responses are mostly centered around wanting more research or information, a lack of trust (in both the vaccine and government), and/or feeling they are healthy and that it’s not needed.   
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2. The reemergence of society continues – more Americans report going out to eat, visiting friends and relatives, and visiting stores. In some cases, though, it is unvaccinated people doing this more than vaccinated people.

  • Compared to one month ago, the number of people who have gone out to eat has gone up 12 points and those who have visited friends and relatives is up nine points. Both numbers are approaching half of the American public.
  • A majority (54%) have visited a non-grocery retail store, the highest number recorded since we started measuring this last May.
  • Right now, 45% say they have dined out at a restaurant; this number is at the highest point since the very first wave of the survey. At the same time, those saying dining out poses a large risk to their health and well-being is on the decline (currently 23%, down from 33% one month ago).
  • Currently, 59% believe returning to their normal, pre-coronavirus life poses a large or moderate risk to their health and well-being, down seven points from one month ago and 11 points from the end of 2020.
  • Though there is a clear behavioral shift happening overall, in some cases it is people who have not received the vaccine that are driving this behavior. For example, significantly more unvaccinated people say they’ve visited friends or relatives in the past week (52% vs. 41% of vaccinated Americans). Those who have not been vaccinated are also more likely to say activities outside of the home pose no risk to their health and well-being. On the other hand, vaccinated Americans are more likely to report they social distanced in the past week.

3. Though more Americans are leaving the home, they aren’t abandoning precautions altogether yet. Reported mask usage is steady and most say they will continue to take precautions even after getting vaccinated.

  • More than seven in ten Americans report wearing a mask at all times when leaving the house. This is unchanged from recent weeks.
  • Eighty percent plan to continue wearing masks, and nearly two-thirds plan to continue social distancing, even after they receive the COVID-19 vaccine (63%).
  • However, fewer are saying they’re maintaining a distance of six feet at all times when leaving the home (44% now, down from 54% one month ago) – a guideline that the CDC has recently changed for both schoolchildren and fully vaccinated adults. 

4. When it comes to believing various conspiracy theories about COVID-19 vaccines, few acknowledge they are true. Yet there is a clear gray area: anywhere from a quarter to one half of Americans are unsure whether these statements are myths or not.

  • When presented with a series of five falsehoods about vaccines, 10% or less say they are true.
  • The most commonly accepted myth is that the Johnson & Johnson vaccine contains aborted fetal cells – one in ten Americans say this is true.
  • However, some Americans aren’t able to state these as completely false, either. Half (49%) are unsure whether mRNA vaccines promote cancer or if the Johnson & Johnson vaccine contains aborted fetal cells.
  • Americans who are more likely to answer “don’t know” to these conspiracies include those who have not been vaccinated, Republicans, those without a college degree, and people with a household income of less than $50,000.

Washington, DC, March 9, 2021

Saturday, March 13, is the one-year anniversary since the coronavirus pandemic was declared a national emergency in the U.S. The most recent Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index shows that, just ahead of this milestone, the number of Americans starting to re-emerge into society is climbing and fewer are self-quarantining. Furthermore, the endpoint of the pandemic remains unclear. However, very few plan to stop protective behaviors such as wearing masks in public and washing hands after they’ve been vaccinated.

Detailed findings:

1. The number of Americans engaging in social interactions outside the home is increasing. At the same time, the number of Americans self-quarantining, that is, staying at home and avoiding contact with others, has dropped to the lowest point since late October.

  • Increasing numbers of Americans report going out to eat, visiting friends or relatives, and visiting a non-grocery retail store in the past week.
  • Forty-four percent of Americans have visited friends/relatives in the past week, up seven points from one month ago.
  • This week, 13% report self-quarantining, down six points from one month ago. The high point for self-quarantining came just one month after the pandemic began, when 55% said in April 2020 they had self-quarantined in the past week.
  • There is also some cautious optimism about finances. Fewer say their ability to pay their rent or mortgage has gotten worse, compared to last year (9% now vs. 17% in the first wave of the survey, in March 2020). The number who say they have been temporarily furloughed or suspended from work is also lower now than in previous months.
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2. The biggest personal benefits for people this year are spending more time at home and spending less, or saving more, money. However, there are some underlying differences that illustrate how Americans have varying personal or societal support systems.

  • Around one in three say spending more time at home (36%) or spending less/saving more money (33%) have been the biggest personal benefits they’ve experienced since the pandemic began. A quarter (24%) also note spending more time with family. Benefits vary among certain groups, though.
  • Just 10% of Americans age 65+ say spending more time with family has been one of their biggest personal benefits (compared to 24% overall), highlighting some of the loneliness perhaps experienced more acutely by older Americans during this time.
  •  People with a Bachelor’s degree or higher, and those with a household income above $50,000 are significantly more likely to cite saving money, or spending less, as a benefit, compared to those with lower incomes or without a degree. For people with a Bachelor’s degree or more, commuting or traveling for work less is a top-tier benefit of the past year (22%, compared to 11% overall). 
  •  Hispanic Americans are significantly more likely than white or Black Americans to say spending more time with family was a top personal benefit from the year (38% vs. 19-20%).

3. For most, the biggest signifier of the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic was their state issuing its first stay-at-home order, more so than the declaration of a national emergency or global pandemic.

  • Thirty-nine percent say their state issuing its first stay-at-home order most clearly signified the beginning of the pandemic, followed by 26% saying the U.S. declaring COVID-19 to be a national emergency. Fewer than one in five say travel plans being canceled or delayed (16%) or the WHO declaring COVID-19 a pandemic (14%).
  • Respondents in the West region are significantly more likely to say the start of the pandemic was their state issuing its first stay-at-home order (46%). Notably, California was the first state to announce this.
  • Looking at answers by age, senior citizens (ages 65+) are more likely than younger Americans to say the U.S. declaring COVID-19 a national emergency. Equal numbers say a national emergency being declared (37%) and their state issuing its first stay at home order (39%).

4. Though a clear start of the pandemic exists for many, it remains to be seen how and when people will “return to normal.” The number of Americans expecting to return to normal within the next six months, or sooner, is increasing. However, most will continue to take recommended safety precautions even after being vaccinated. 

  • Since late January, the number of Americans expecting a return to normal will take more than a year from now has gone down (17% now, down from 30%), while the number saying within six months, or sooner, has increased (40% now, up from 26%).
  • Around one in five Americans don’t know when they will return to normal, pre-COVID levels of activity for attending in-person gatherings outside their household, or dining in at a restaurant. From there, it is a mix of people who say they already have, once they/their circle are vaccinated, or when officials say it is safe. For returning to in-person gatherings, 30% say they already have, 29% say once they, or everyone in their circle, are vaccinated, 21% say when officials say it is safe, and 20% don’t know.
  • A vast majority plan to continue practicing existing safety measures even after they get the vaccine. For example, 81% plan to continue wearing a face mask in public until the pandemic ends, compared to 7% who plan to stop after they are vaccinated, and another 7% who have already stopped.

5. Recent studies have shown the pandemic is changing the way we dream. According to our poll, one in three Americans report experiencing strange or vivid dreams in the past month, and a quarter have had stressful or frightening dreams. Fewer than one in ten have had coronavirus-specific dreams, though (e.g. forgetting face masks or contracting COVID-19).

Washington, DC, March 2, 2021

As over 50 million Americans have received at least a single dose of the coronavirus vaccine – equivalent to about 23% of the 18+ population – the Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds increasing signs of optimism among the American people. However, with that hope comes a slight decline in protective behaviors and perceptions of risk potentially imperiling the current recovery. This comes as an increasing number – although still a minority – of Americans expect to be able to return to something like their normal life within the next six months.

Detailed findings:

 1. When asked to reflect on the last year, most Americans select words like “stressed,” “frustrated,” or “overwhelmed”. However, when presented with the same list of emotions to describe how they feel today, more select “hopeful” than any other word.

  • Nearly half of Americans (48%) say that hopeful best describes them today. This number climbs to 61% among those who have gotten at least one dose of the vaccine.
  • Looking back at the last year, Democrats are more likely to report feeling stressed (51%) and overwhelmed (27%) while Republicans are more likely to report feeling frustrated (48%) and angry (21%).
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2. Interest in the vaccine remains high with 68% of Americans saying they are likely to get it as soon as it is available to them (or they have already gotten it).

  • One in five (21%) continue to say they are not at all likely to get the vaccine, essentially unchanged from January. However, only 10% say they are not very likely to get the vaccine, a drop of 9 points from earlier this year.
  • People with a college degree or higher (50%) and Democrats (57%) continue to express the greatest interest in getting the vaccine.

3. Almost a quarter of American adults (23%) have gotten at least one shot. When it comes to actually receiving the vaccine, older and more affluent Americans appear to be quicker to receive the shots.

  • Half (53%) of the ages 65 and older sample in this survey have gotten at least one vaccine shot as the early phases of the roll-out have targeted older, at-risk populations.
  • College-educated (29%), more affluent ($50k+ household income; 25%), and white (25%) respondents report higher rates of getting the vaccine than those with a high school education or less (16%), less affluent (under $50K household income; 18%), or Black (19%) or Hispanic (17%) respondents.

4. Most Americans (65%) continue to expect it to take at least six months before things start to get back to normal. However, an increasing minority (33%) expect to return to something like their normal, pre-COVID life within the next six months.

  • Specifically, the number of people expecting normalcy to resume in the next 3-6 months has climbed from 19% in late January to 25% now.

Washington, DC, February 23, 2021

One month into a new presidential administration, the latest Axios/Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds that more Americans believe the federal government is handling the pandemic better now, compared to when we last asked in late October (before Election Day). At the same time, a majority of Americans report confidence in the administration’s ability to distribute the COVID-19 vaccine quickly and widely, and in getting students back to school, in person. While the most recent wave of the Axios/Ipsos survey was in field, the COVID-19 death toll in the U.S. crossed 500,000 fatalities. Our survey finds that the public remains fairly evenly split on the accuracy of the reported death toll, whether it is higher than reported, lower, or about right. 

Detailed findings:

1. As Americans place their hopes in the new presidential administration to distribute vaccines and get kids in the classroom, the general mood toward the federal government’s response has improved when compared to last fall.

  • Currently, 63% are confident in the administration’s ability to make the COVID-19 vaccine widely available, and 58% feel the same about distributing the vaccine quickly. A majority (56%) also feel confident in the administration’s ability to get students back to school, in person.
  • A plurality of Americans now think the federal government has gotten better at handling the COVID-19 pandemic, compared to the beginning of the outbreak in March and April. Currently, 45% say the federal government has gotten better, compared to 26% who say worse and 28% no change.
  • This reflects a complete inversion from views in late October, about one week before Election Day. Then, 26% felt the federal government was doing a better job and 46% said worse. This change is due to dramatically shifting views among partisans; now, Democrats are significantly more optimistic and Republicans much less so, compared to October.
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2. As the number of reported COVID-19 deaths surpassed 500,000 in the U.S. over the weekend, Americans remain split on whether or not the reported death toll is accurate.

  • Approximately one-third each believe the actual number of deaths is higher than what’s being reported (35%), lower (31%), or that the number is about the same as what’s being reported (33%).
  • Compared to last month, however, slightly more believe there have been more deaths than what’s being reported (35% vs. 30% in January).

3. As we approach the one year mark of the pandemic, this week’s poll shows some slight changes in Americans’ perceptions of relative risk and concern about the virus. There is also not a clear sense of what signals will mean a return to “normal.”

  • Currently, 69% are concerned with the possibility of getting sick, down slightly from our last wave, two weeks ago (74%). Generally, this represents a slight decline in concern, with numbers not having been at this level since last summer.
  • The number of Americans who report social distancing has also declined very slightly to 74%, from 79% last wave. This is the first time the number has gone below 78-79% since early December.
  • At the same time, however, Americans aren’t sure when they will return to normal, pre-COVID levels of activity for things like dining in at restaurants and attending in-person gatherings outside their household. For both items, around one in four say they don’t know when they will do this, and then people are split on whether the signifier is when they/their circle are vaccinated, when health officials say it is safe, or if they have already done this.   

Washington, DC, February 9, 2021

Americans have adapted to life during the pandemic with some level of mask-wearing and social distancing as widespread practices. However, our latest Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds that when asked to think about returning to normal pre-COVID activities, Americans are widely divided on what determines it is safe. When combined with low levels of trust in news outlets, this suggests the exit from the pandemic will be uncertain and uneven.

Detailed findings:

1. Americans are perceiving less risk from the pandemic than any time since last October.

  • Currently, two-thirds (66%) say returning to a pre-COVID life is a moderate or large risk. The last time it was at this level was October 2020.
  • Young people (ages 18-29, 58%) and Republicans (49%) are least likely to see COVID as a risk at this time.
  • People who have been vaccinated still see coronavirus as a high risk (76%).

2. When asked about returning to normal activities, Americans are divided or unsure what indicates it will be safe.

  • As an example, on attending gatherings of family or friends, a quarter (28%) are already doing it, a quarter (22%) will wait for their circle to be vaccinated, a quarter (24%) will wait for officials to say it is safe, and a quarter (24%) don’t know.
  • Older people (ages 65+, 29%) and college educated Americans (34%) are more likely to wait for the vaccine. Democrats (34%) will wait for official word.
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3. There are few single sources of COVID information that is trusted by a large majority of the country. Many news outlets are particularly suspect.

  • The CDC continues to be trusted by about two-thirds (68%) of Americans for accurate COVID information. However, only half (51%) of Republicans trust the organization.  
  • When it comes to news outlets, the networks continue to be trusted by about half (47%) of the country, but cable news (38%) and online news (36%) are much more warily regarded.
  • Over half (53%) continue to trust what President Biden says about the pandemic.

Washington, DC, February 2, 2021

While most Americans are eager to get a coronavirus vaccine, they don’t anticipate getting back to something like their pre-COVID lives anytime soon. This finding, from a new Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index, underlines the ongoing toll of the pandemic as the number of Americans who know someone with COVID, or someone who died of COVID, continues to reach new highs. Additionally, while concern with the risk of new coronavirus variants is high, most Americans have not altered their behavior beyond the adaptations of 2020 (wearing a mask, minimizing time indoors at social spaces).

Detailed findings:

1. Two-thirds (65%) of Americans do not expect to get back to something like their normal, pre-COVID life for at least six months (around late Summer). Almost a third believe it will not happen until next year.

  • Older (65+) Americans and Republicans tend to be more optimistic about a quick return to normalcy. Democrats and people from less affluent households (<$50k income) are more likely to believe it will take longer.
  • Expectations for receiving the coronavirus vaccine generally line up with the timeline for back to normal, with most Americans expecting it to be available in the next three (21%), six (25%), or more than six (18%) months.
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2. Among Americans who have already received the coronavirus vaccine, most continue to observe the same precautions as other, non-vaccinated Americans.

  • Vaccinated Americans are engaging in similar levels of social activity compared to all Americans (29% have gone out to eat, 36% visited friends and relatives).
  • Virtually all (97%) vaccinated Americans report wearing a mask when they left home in the last week.

3. Americans are very concerned about the new strains of coronavirus that may be more transmissible or dangerous. However, there is little evidence that behavior has changed to adapt.

  • Over half of Americans (56%) are extremely or very concerned about the new coronavirus strains, and most (83%) are at least somewhat concerned. This concern is widely shared across age, race, and party.
  • However, there is little indication Americans are changing their behavior to adapt. Trends in socializing outside the home are unchanged and only 15% report wearing two masks some or all of the time when leaving the home as an extra safety precaution.

Washington, DC, January 26, 2021

In the latest installment of the Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index 61% percent of Americans report they are likely to get the first generation COVID-19 vaccine, up 1 point from last week. This week, more Americans say they plan to get the vaccine as soon as it is available; representing a 6 point increase from last week and a 16 point increase since mid-December.

Detailed findings:

1. Trust in the federal government to provide accurate information about COVID-19 has increased following the inauguration of President Biden.

  • Half of Americans have a great deal or fair amount of trust in the federal government, up from 40% before President Biden’s inauguration.
  • Trust in Biden has continued to increase since mid-December (58%, up from 54%), while trust in Trump remains essentially the same (27%).
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2. The number of Americans reporting that their mental health has improved in the last week is at an all-time high.

  • Fourteen percent say their mental health has improved in the last week. This is the highest number recorded since the inception of the Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index.
  • This increase is driven primarily by Democrats with 21% who say their mental health has improved, more than double the number that said the same last week (10%).

3. Americans who plan to get the vaccine “as soon as it’s available” continues to increase in 2021. 

  • At this point, 49% intend to get the vaccine as soon as they can, up from 43% last week and 33% in late December.
  • Sixty-eight percent of Americans personally know someone who has received the vaccine, up from 50% last week. One in ten (9%) say they have received the vaccine themselves.

4. Few Americans have proactively looked for vaccine information reflecting challenges the administration and public health officials may face in their efforts to reach more people.

  • To find out more information about vaccine eligibility, three in ten have visited their state’s health department website. One in five have looked for information on social media (23%), visited the CDC website (20%), and called their doctor or health care provider (20%).

5. Four in five know someone who has tested positive for coronavirus, the highest mark recorded.

  • Over a third (35%) know someone who has died due to the coronavirus, up five points from December. 

Washington, DC, January 12, 2021

Sixty percent of Americans report a likelihood to get the first generation COVID-19 vaccine, a new high point in stated likelihood, according to the latest Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index. Moreover, more Americans want to get the vaccine quickly; since mid-December, there has been a 10-point increase in those saying “As soon as it’s available.” However, in a sign that demand now outweighs supply, a majority do not expect the vaccine to be available to them for three months or more.

 Detailed findings:

1. A majority of Americans report they are likely to get the first generation COVID-19 vaccine, and the number has increased by double digits since this time last month.

  • Currently, 60% say they are very or somewhat likely to get the vaccine, up eight points from the most recent survey (Dec. 18-21) and 12 points from one month ago.
  • At the same time, more Americans believe receiving the first generation vaccine poses no risk to them (22%, up from 17% last wave).
  • Stated intent to take the vaccine is highest among those over age 65 (77%), college graduates (71%), and Democrats (71%).

 2. The number of Americans who plan to get the vaccine “as soon as it’s available” continues to grow. Additionally, half of Americans report knowing someone who has received the vaccine.

  • Now, 43% hope to get the vaccine as soon as they can, up from 33% in mid-December and from 13% in mid-September when the question was first asked.
  • Those driving this growth are largely the same groups of people that report a greater likelihood to get the vaccine in the first place: seniors (68% now say “as soon as it’s available, up from 48% last month), Democrats (57%, up from 43%), and Hispanic Americans (46%, up from 26%).
  • At this point in time, 50% of Americans personally know someone who has received the vaccine. Three percent say they have received the vaccine themselves, while most say someone else outside of their immediate family (37%). In comparison, just 13% personally knew someone who had received the vaccine last month.
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 3. While demand for the vaccine grows, the American public shows concerns about supply and the rollout itself.

  • Three-quarters are concerned about the government’s handling of the vaccine rollout. There is bipartisan agreement on this, with majorities of all partisans reporting concerns, though Democrats are significantly more concerned (91%) than Republicans (61%).
  • Most Americans, 73%, think it will take at least three months for the vaccine to be made available to them. In that group, 25% say in the next three months, 26% in the next six months, and 22% more than six months from now.
  • Fewer than half of Americans (45%) believe it is likely that the Biden administration will meet its pledge to vaccinate 100 million Americans in the first 100 days. Though a majority of Democrats (59%) believe this is likely, most feel it is somewhat likely rather than very likely.

 4. More Americans than ever before now know someone who has died from COVID-19. At the same time, levels of trust in political leaders remain steady.

  • One in three Americans, 34%, now know someone who has died from COVID-19 – a new high point since the inception of the Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index.
  • The public continues to place a greater level of trust in President-elect Biden than President Trump to provide them with accurate information about the coronavirus.
  • Fifty-six percent of Americans trust Biden, while just 27% trust Trump. Both of these numbers have remained steady since the November presidential election.

Washington, DC, December 22, 2020

This year’s final installation of the Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index shows that the number of Americans who plan to get the vaccine as soon as it’s available to them continues to grow. For Americans who have at least heard of the recent news about the vaccine, more than a quarter say it has made them more likely to get the shot, though a majority say the news makes no difference. And as the year draws to a close, Americans feel largely positive about their personal health and well-being, and most expect to feel about the same next year.

Detailed findings:

1. As the first wave of COVID-19 vaccinations continue, a majority (52%) say they are likely to get the vaccine. More Americans this week report plans to get immunized as soon as the vaccine is made available to them.

  • Currently, 45% of Americans plan to get the vaccine either as soon as it’s made available to them or a few weeks after. This marks an eight-point increase from last week.
  • Among the biggest increases from last week to this week are people both under age 30 and over 65, those with some college education, and Democrats.
  • Virtually all Americans (97%) have heard something in the news regarding the COVID-19 vaccine distribution in the U.S. Among these people, most (59%) say the news has no impact on their likelihood to get the vaccine, though significantly more say it makes them more likely (28%), as opposed to less (12%), to be vaccinated.
  • Compared to last week, there is a slight uptick in the number of Americans who say taking the first generation COVID-19 vaccine poses no risk to their health or well-being (17%, from 13% last week). However, the number of respondents who believe the vaccine poses no risk has nearly tripled when compared with three months ago (6% in the Sept. 18-21 poll).
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2. Throughout the pandemic, most Americans have remained positive about their own health, home-life, and finances. Most expect to feel the same in 2021, though around one in three feel even better about what lies ahead.

  • Around three-quarters to eight in ten Americans feel their physical and mental health, emotional well-being, home-life, and personal finances are good now.
  • For all of these measures, over half feel that 2021 will be “about the same.”
  • However, there are signs of underlying optimism. For those debating whether the year will be better or worse, the amount of Americans saying “better” is significantly higher than those saying “worse” – around three times (or more) higher in most cases. For each item, around one-third say they expect next year will be better, while about one in ten say worse.

3. A majority of Americans plan to celebrate the winter holidays at home, with just their immediate family, as most perceive gatherings and celebrations to be risky.

  • Fifty-three percent plan to celebrate the upcoming holidays at home with their immediate family. This is up seven points from early December.
  • One in five (21%) are still trying to figure out how to celebrate the upcoming holiday season, while 16% plan to see family and friends like they normally would.
  • Very few report having traveled in the past week. One in ten have traveled to another state by car, and just 3% have gone to another state by plane.
  • A vast majority of Americans (72%) continue to believe that attending in-person gatherings of family and friends outside of the household poses a large or moderate risk, consistent with views in November and earlier in December.
  • Slightly more, 76%, say traveling for the upcoming winter holidays is a large or moderate risk to their health and well-being.

Washington, DC, December 15, 2020

In the wake of the U.S. COVID-19 death toll crossing 300,000 casualties, the latest Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds more Americans are willing to take the coronavirus vaccine soon after it becomes available. At the same time, more Americans believe the number of reported deaths is accurate, compared to late September, and slightly fewer are going out in public to restaurants or to see friends.

Detailed findings:

 1. In the days immediately following the first COVID-19 vaccine’s FDA approval, the poll finds that more Americans report plans to get the COVID-19 vaccine as soon as it’s available.

  • Currently, more than one in four Americans (27%) say they plan to get the vaccine as soon as it’s available, more than double the number that said the same in mid-September (13%).
  • The increase in those wanting to get the vaccine as soon as it’s available is particularly pronounced among older Americans, especially those over age 65.
  • Overall, Americans are evenly split on whether they plan to get it soon or later on: 38% say as soon as it’s available or a few weeks after, while 40% plan for a few months after, or a year or more after.
  • One in five (21%) say they will not get the vaccine, which is unchanged from September. Republicans, Black Americans, and those with a high school diploma or less are the most likely to say they will not get the vaccine.
  • As the vaccine begins its initial rollout, our poll shows that nearly two-thirds of Americans (64%) trust the FDA to look out for the best interests of their family.
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2. A plurality of Americans believe the actual COVID-19 death toll is higher than what’s reported. At the same time, slightly fewer believe the number of deaths is less than what has been reported, compared to September.

  • Currently, 37% say the actual number of Americans dying from the coronavirus is more than what has been reported, while 32% say less (30% say about the same).
  • This represents a small shift from earlier in the fall, when an equal number of Americans said more (37%) and less (36%).
  • There is a significant partisan divide on this question, with a majority of Democrats saying they believe the death toll is higher than reported and most Republicans saying less. However, fewer Republicans say “less” now when compared to September (59% vs. 70% in September).

3. More Americans feel they have a greater risk of contracting the virus compared to a few months ago, while slightly fewer are going out in public or seeing people outside of their household.

  • More than one in three Americans (35%) feel they have a greater risk of contracting the coronavirus now, compared to in April, at the beginning of the pandemic. This number has more than doubled since mid-September (16%).
  • The number of Americans saying they are wearing a mask at all times has reached an all-time high in the period between late November and now. Currently, 72% of Americans say they are wearing a mask at all times when leaving the house.
  • Thirty percent of Americans say they have gone out to eat in the last week. This is the lowest number since early July, and represents a 10-point decline since this time last month.
  • Thirty-seven percent report having visited friends or relatives in the last week, down four points from last week (41%), and at the lowest point we have measured since early May.

Washington, DC, December 9, 2020

As the coronavirus pandemic rages across the country, the Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds that almost three quarters of Americans view returning to pre-coronavirus as a risk, the highest level seen since mid-April. However, a minority of Americans continue to spend significant time indoors, in out of home locations, excluding their places of work. Actions that public health officials say is the main driver of the spread of the coronavirus. This minority also reports being less likely to use protective measures (like masks or social distancing) further compounding the risk.  

 Overall, levels of concern have also risen to levels not seen since early Summer during the first wave of the pandemic. Correspondingly, fewer Americans report engaging in social interactions outside the home, though the levels still remain above those seen during the lockdowns of April and May. However, many see a light at the end of the tunnel with over half of Americans now saying they would take a COVID-19 vaccine as soon as it is available – which a majority expect will be in the next 3 months.

Detailed findings:

 1. A small minority of Americans (18%) drive most of the out of home, indoors activity.

  • This group spent at least an hour in three or more of the following in the last week: restaurants & bars, entertainment centers, other people’s homes, gyms, or places of worship; or spent over 10 hours total indoors out of home in the last week.
  • Fewer than half (44%) of this group report wearing a mask at all times and only a third (36%) are concerned about the coronavirus pandemic.
  • This group tends to be under the age of 55, more likely to be male, and more likely to be Republican.
  • People who primarily get their news from local sources or do not consume news are more likely to be in this group.
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 2. The rest of Americans are more worried about the coronavirus now than at any point since early this Summer.

  • Three in five (60%) of Americans are extremely or very concerned about the coronavirus outbreak with an additional quarter (25%) somewhat concerned. This high level has sustained from before Thanksgiving and was last seen in June.
  • Almost three-quarters (73%) say returning to a pre-coronavirus life right now would be a large or moderate risk, the highest levels seen since this question began tracking in April.

3. Out of home activity is declining, though it has not reached the low levels seen in April and May.

  • One in five (20%) say they are self-quarantining, up from before Thanksgiving and the highest level since June. Four in five (79%) say they are social distancing.
  • One in three (31%) have gone out to eat, down from 33% before Thanksgiving and 40% in early November.
  • Fewer than one in six (14%) report that they plan to see family and friends outside the home for the holidays. The rest plan to only see the people they live with or a special bubble group or don’t know yet.

4. Interest in the first generation COVID-19 vaccine continues to climb as it becomes more of a reality.

  • This week, over half (53%) say they would be likely to get the first generation COVID-19 vaccine as soon as it is available, up from 51% before Thanksgiving and 38% in early October.
  • Most people are more likely to take a COVID-19 vaccine if it has been proven safe and effective by public health officials (69%), has a 90%+ effectiveness rate (67%), or has been on the market a few months (65%).
  • When presented with a situation where former presidents Obama, Bush, and Clinton take the vaccine publicly, slightly fewer (60%) say they would be likely to take it. An improvement over the baseline but not as convincing as the safety arguments. 

Washington, DC, November 24, 2020

Just ahead of the Thanksgiving holiday, the latest Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds that a majority of Americans report changing their Thanksgiving plans this year. The most common changes are spending the day with only the people in your immediate household or having a smaller dinner than originally planned. At the same time, as a COVID-19 vaccine looms closer on the horizon, more Americans believe it will be ready within the next three months, and more report a likelihood to take a first generation vaccine as soon as it is available.

Detailed findings:

1. Americans plan to stay home for Thanksgiving this year, as seeing friends or family is perceived to be risky.

  • Nearly two-thirds (64%) say seeing family or friends for Thanksgiving poses a large or moderate risk. Even more (76%) say traveling for the upcoming holidays is risky.
  • Sixty-one percent of Americans report changing their Thanksgiving plans in some way. The most common changes: seeing only those in your immediate household (29%) and having a smaller dinner than originally planned (24%). One in ten Americans (9%) say they no longer plan to celebrate the holiday at all.
  • Significantly more Democrats (75%) than Republicans (49%) report changing their Thanksgiving plans. Democrats are more likely to say the change was to stay home with their immediate household. For Republicans changing plans, slightly more say they are getting together with a smaller group (25%) compared to just their immediate household (20%).
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2. At the same time people are reevaluating their holiday plans, “normal” activities like going out to eat or going to the grocery store continue to be seen as risky.

  • Last week, we reported an uptick in perceived risk of many regular activities; that trend has held.
  • Currently, 72% say dining in at a restaurant is a large or moderate risk (68% last week). Fewer report they have actually gone out to eat (33%) compared to last week (40%).
  • Three-quarters say spending more time inside public places as the weather turns colder is risky, on par with last week. The percentage of Americans saying this is a “large” risk is 9 percentage points higher than one month ago.
  • The number of Americans saying they are wearing a mask at all times when leaving home has reached a peak (72%). This does not reflect a significant change from last week (69%), but rather a steady upward trend from the past few months when it hovered in the mid-60% range.

3. More Americans now report a likelihood that they will get the first generation COVID-19 vaccine. There is also greater anticipation that it will be ready within the next three months.

  • Perhaps signaling that a vaccine is now more tangible and less aspirational, nearly half (47%) believe the vaccine will be ready within the next three months, up 15 percentage points from just one week ago.
  • Fifty-one percent say they are very or somewhat likely to get the first generation vaccine, as soon as it’s available. This reflects a 6-point increase from last week and 14 points from late September.
  • However, confidence in a vaccine grows significantly if it is proven safe and effective by public health officials: 70% are likely to get a vaccine that falls into this category. Among some groups who are less likely to get a vaccine, namely Black Americans and Republicans, majorities report they would get a vaccine backed by public health officials.

Washington, DC, November 17, 2020

As the count of new cases passes the 150 thousand per day mark, Americans are increasingly concerned and show signals that they are beginning to withdraw back into protective isolation. However, at the same time, most Americans do not report major changes in their health or wellbeing suggesting people have adapted to this atypical normal. Additionally, interest in a potential early vaccine is climbing with the public, even if most do not expect it for at least a few months.

Detailed findings:

1. As the pandemic rages, the public is seeing “normal” activities as increasingly risky.

  • Over two-thirds (71%) of Americans see attending in-person gatherings as a large or moderate risk, up from 63% in late October. A similar change is seen with dining in at a restaurant, increased to 68% now from 61% in late October.
  • Seasonal change also appears to be driving risk. Three quarters (76%) see spending more time inside public places as the weather turns colder as a large or moderate risk, and a similar number (75%) see traveling for the holidays as a risk.
  • Almost three-quarters (72%) of Americans know someone who has tested positive for coronavirus, the highest mark recorded.
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 2. The American public appears to be moving back into a more self-isolating position as the coronavirus spreads, however, levels remain much lower than the first shutdown in April.

  • Three in five (60%) report not visiting friends and family in the last week, the highest number since mid-May.
  • Three-quarters (76%) of Americans report social distancing, up 7 percentage points from late October.
  • Over half of Americans say they plan to celebrate the holidays with their household (45%) or a ‘holiday bubble’ (8%). Under one in five (17%) report they will spend the holiday with people outside their household.

 3. Public health and state of mind appear to be relatively unchanged over the last few months.

  • Just under one in five (17%) Americans report their ability to afford household goods has worsened in the last few weeks, essentially in-line with the trend since the Spring. A quarter (24%) report their personal finances are somewhat or very poor, also in-line with trends since May.
  • About four in five (79%) Americans report their physical health is somewhat or very good. About three-quarters report good mental health (77%) or emotional well being (74%).

4.  Trust in Joe Biden to provide accurate coronavirus information has jumped after the election.

  • Over half (56%) of Americans have a great deal or fair amount of trust in Joe Biden to provide accurate COVID-19 information, up from 47% before the election.
  • Trust in Donald Trump is essentially flat, currently at 28% from 30% before the election.

5. Interest in a potential coronavirus vaccine has increased since the election.

  • Just under half (45%) of Americans say they are likely to get a first generation COVID-19 vaccine as soon as it is available, up from 38% in early October.
  • When presented with a range of conditions around a vaccine, safety appears to produce the greatest level of interest with 68% saying they would be likely to take a vaccine that has been proven safe.

Washington, DC, October 27, 2020

Against the backdrop of a new daily high for COVID-19 cases in the U.S., the latest Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds that most behaviors around mask usage, dining in at restaurants, and visiting family and friends have held remarkably constant. There are signs that some may adapt their holiday plans, though, as traveling for the holidays is seen by a majority as risky behavior. 

Detailed findings:

1. As concerns over the coronavirus remain high, there are few signs of individual behaviors changing.

  • The number of Americans that have visited friends or relatives (49%), gone out to eat (42%), and self-quarantined (14%) is stable compared to the past few weeks.
  • The same is true for Americans wearing masks (66%) or gloves (4%) at all times when leaving the home.
  • With cases on the rise, slightly fewer say they are maintaining a distance of at least 6 feet from all people (47%, at all times) or have socially distanced (69%), compared to last week. However, these numbers are still in line with the overall trend and have not moved significantly week-to-week.
  • A majority of Americans remain extremely or very concerned about the coronavirus, and about the possibility of cases rising in their area this fall and winter. However, there continues to be a significant difference in levels of concern by party affiliation.
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2. Concerns are emerging about the holiday season, with some making adaptations to how they celebrate.

  • Two-thirds say traveling for the upcoming holidays poses a large or moderate risk.
  • More than half of Americans (54%) have begun to make plans about how they will celebrate the holiday season. More say they plan to celebrate at home with immediate family (30%) compared to those who plan to see family and friends like they normally do (18%).

3. A majority believe the federal government is making the country’s recovery from the pandemic worse, and a plurality say the government has gotten worse over time at handling the pandemic.

  • Sixty-two percent believe the government is making America’s recovery worse, including more than one in three (35%) who say the government is making things much worse. This is similar to views held at the end of August, when 60% said the federal government was making things worse.
  • When asked whether the federal government has gotten better or worse at handling the pandemic, compared to March or April, a plurality (46%) say worse. Just a quarter (26%) say the federal government has gotten better at handling things.
  • Compared to all other entities, the federal government is the only one where Americans think they are worse at handling the pandemic now than in March or April. More say their local government, the CDC, their employer, and businesses in their area have all gotten better at handling the pandemic over time. Americans are evenly split when it comes to their state government (35% better, 32% worse).

Washington, DC, October 20, 2020

As the coronavirus pandemic continues to batter the United States, new research from Axios-Ipsos finds linkages between belief in coronavirus misinformation and engaging in more risky behaviors. This comes as most Americans continue to view the pandemic as a major concern and risk in the last few weeks before the presidential election. However, this wave of data suggests Americans are increasingly adapting to life under coronavirus and much of the economic and personal anxiety that marked the early part of the pandemic has dissipated.

Detailed findings:

1. Many Americans continue to believe coronavirus falsehoods – correlating with less concern about the pandemic and engaging in riskier behavior.

  • We presented Americans with six true/false statements about the coronavirus pandemic which are commonly part of misinformation. Half of Americans got all six correct (an ‘A’), another 23% got five of six correct (a ‘B’), 13% got four of six correct (a ‘C’), while the final 13% got three or fewer correct answers (an ‘F’).
  • Americans who got a C or F are less concerned about the outbreak and more likely to trust information from President Trump. They are also less likely to wear a mask at all times and less likely to view attending a political rally as a risky act.
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2. Heading into the final weeks of the election, Americans see political acts at various levels of coronavirus risk.

  • Fewer see voting in person as a large (12%) or moderate (32%) risk to their health and well-being.
  • More see attending a campaign rally as a large (58%) or moderate (17%) risk.

3. Most Americans remain concerned about the coronavirus and see returning to normal life as a risk.

  • Four in five (82%) are concerned about the COVID-19 outbreak with similar numbers concerned about cases rising in the fall and winter (80%) or another wave of lockdowns (80%).
  • Two thirds of Americans (68%) report wearing a mask at all times when leaving the home. Half (51%) report maintaining a distance of six feet from others at all times.

4. Indicators of personal and economic well-being suggest that Americans are increasingly acclimating to life under coronavirus.

  • The number of Americans reporting their physical health (13%) or mental health (18%) has worsened in the last week is at the lowest level since after tracking began in March.
  • The number of Americans concerned about their job security (38%) or their ability to pay bills (41%) is also at the lowest level since the beginning of the pandemic.

Washington, DC, October 6, 2020

The latest Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index, which fielded in the days immediately before and after President Trump’s COVID-19 diagnosis, shows that Americans are well-informed about the event. However, their own behaviors and views toward the virus are remarkably crystalized, and this event has not changed things. Furthermore, the pathway to getting the American public to take a coronavirus vaccine is one of time, proven efficacy, and input from public health officials. Very few are likely to take a vaccine if it were released before Election Day.

Detailed findings:

1. Trump’s diagnosis makes few Americans more likely to wear a mask or socially distance. Instead, their precautionary behaviors remain quite consistent.

  • Around one in five Americans say the news about Trump testing positive makes them more likely to wear a mask and maintain a distance of at least six feet from other people (21% each). Even fewer, 12%, say it makes them more likely to wear gloves.
  • Instead, a vast majority (ranging from 77% to 85%) say this news has no effect on their likelihood to take these precautionary measures.
  • Currently, 88% of Americans say they are wearing a mask either at all times or sometimes when leaving the house. This number has remained statistically unchanged for nearly three months, since mid-July. Similarly, the overall number of Americans concerned about the virus remains unchanged – and high (83%).
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2. Amidst Trump’s diagnosis, most say the news does not have an impact on their perceived level of trust in the president.

  • Sixty percent say this has no impact on their likelihood to trust President Trump to provide them with accurate information about the coronavirus.
  • Among those that feel their views have been altered, there is a fairly even split: 17% are more likely to trust the president and 23% are less likely.
  • Currently, 70% of Americans have little to no trust in the president to provide them with accurate information about COVID-19.

3. When are Americans likely to be vaccinated? When it’s proven safe and effective over time.

  • Two-thirds (65%) say they are likely to get a vaccine that has been proven safe and effective by public health officials, and 55% are likely to get one that has been on the market for a few months.
  • In comparison, just 18% are very or somewhat likely to get a vaccine if it is released before next month’s presidential election.

Washington, DC, September 29, 2020

The latest installment of the Axios/Ipsos Coronavirus Index shows that just one in five Americans would be likely to get the first generation coronavirus vaccine if President Trump deemed it safe, compared to nearly two-thirds saying the same for their doctor. At the same time, more Americans are questioning the virus’ death toll – now above 200,000 in the U.S. – both in terms of it being higher, and lower, than what is reported.

Detailed findings:

1. Eight in ten Americans would be unlikely to get a first generation COVID-19 vaccine if President Trump said it was safe.

  • Just 19% say the president’s stamp of approval would make them likely to be inoculated from the virus, including fewer than half (40%) of Republicans.
  • The biggest determinants of whether Americans are likely to get the COVID-19 vaccine as soon as it’s available: if your doctor said it was safe (62%), if the FDA said it was safe (54%), and if the cost were completely covered by insurance (56%).
  • More Americans said the vaccine being covered by insurance would make them likely to get it than if they were paid $100 as an incentive (44%). Furthermore, less than half (46%) believe the government should take on more debt to pay Americans to get the vaccine.
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2. Views around the death toll continue to become more polarized, with more people moving to the margins and away from believing the actual count is the same as what has been reported.

  • Currently, 37% say the actual number of Americans dying from the virus is more than what has been reported, and 36% say it’s less. The number saying “about the same” has dropped to 27%, down five percentage points from last week.
  • Under the surface, we see disparate opinions based on party affiliation. Two-thirds of Democrats (64%) believe the actual number is higher than reported, while 70% of Republicans believe the death toll is being overstated.
  • The percentage saying the death count is less than what’s being reported has grown by 13 points (36% now, from 23%) since we first asked the question in May.

3. Trust in the federal government to provide people with accurate information about COVID-19 is on a gradual, but consistent, decline.

  • Currently, levels of trust in the federal government, the White House, and Donald Trump to provide Americans with accurate coronavirus-related information are at an all-time low. Fewer than one-third of Americans place a great deal or a fair amount of trust in these institutions/actors.
  • In the initial weeks after the pandemic began, a majority of Americans trusted the federal government. That number declined to 37% in late August and, now, 32% say the same.
  • When it comes to trusted messengers on the virus, Americans are rallying around public health institutions: 68% trust the CDC to provide them with accurate information, and 67% say the same about national public health officials.

Washington, DC, September 22, 2020

The latest Axios/Ipsos Coronavirus Index shows that the number of Americans who say it is likely to get the first generation COVID-19 vaccine as soon as it is available has declined from late August. Furthermore, approximately half of Americans expect that the vaccine will be provided to them at no cost, and if they had to pay, a majority would pay less than $50, or nothing at all.

Detailed findings:

 1. A majority of Americans would not get a first generation COVID-19 vaccine as soon as it is available.

  • Sixty percent say it is not very, or not at all, likely they would get the first generation vaccine, while 39% report that they would. This represents an eight percentage point drop from last month, when 47% said they would get the first vaccine.
  • Democrats and Republicans alike report less likelihood to get a vaccine as soon as it is available, compared to last month.
  • Nearly half say they will wait a few months after (30%) or a year or more (18%) after a vaccine is available.
  • At the same time, a majority of Americans (60%) do not trust pharmaceutical companies to look out for their best interests.
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2. Most expect to pay nothing out of pocket for the cost of the COVID-19 vaccine, and there is little willingness to spend money to get the vaccine.

  • Once a vaccine is available, 38% expect their insurance to cover the cost and another 11% expect the federal government to pick up the tab.
  • Half (51%) are only willing to pay under $50 for a vaccine, with another one-third saying they are not willing to pay anything at all.

3. With the school year in full swing, more parents are reporting COVID-19 scares in their district, and more are turning to distance learning.

  • Among parents who have a child in school, either in person or virtually, one in three (34%) say there has been a coronavirus scare or outbreak in their child’s school district since the year started, up from 22% last week.
  • Two-thirds of parents (64%) are sending their child to school through virtual or distance learning. This number has steadily climbed since August.
  • Since early August, parents with a child doing distance learning are more likely to report worsening emotional health. More than one in three (37%) report this, compared to 27% of all Americans.

Washington, DC, September 15, 2020

After six months of the coronavirus pandemic, Americans continue to exist in a rough equilibrium. Concerns about the virus remain high and activity is depressed relative to pre-pandemic levels as the country continues to experience over 35,000 new cases a day.

Detailed findings:

1. Americans are equally divided on if the official death toll of the pandemic is under-reported, inflated, or roughly accurate.

  • This is essentially the same as seen in July and driven primarily by partisanship with Republicans doubting the total and Democrats believing there have been more deaths.

2. Just over half of Americans trust the FDA, half trust state or local governments, and less than half trust pharmaceutical companies or the federal government.

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3. Almost one in four (23%) Americans know someone who has died from the coronavirus.

  • One third in the Northeast and a quarter in the South (26%) report knowing someone who has died, compared to 15% in the Midwest and 16% in the West. 
  • Fifty-nine percent know someone who has tested positive, with over half of them knowing someone in their community who has tested positive (53%).
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4. American social behavior remains mostly unchanged, but below pre-pandemic levels.

  • About half (47%) of Americans visited friends and family, over a third (39%) have gone out to eat, and less than one in five (19%) have self-quarantined.

Washington, DC, September 1, 2020

The 23rd installment of the Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index shows that a majority are hopeful we can get COVID-19 under control in six months. At the same time, however, most believe the federal government is making our country’s coronavirus recovery worse. For both of these items, and many others, attitudes are deeply divided along partisan lines. Additionally, as more parents report sending their child back to school, nearly half say their school district’s plans for the year have already changed.

Detailed findings:

1. Levels of optimism about getting the virus under control, as well as the federal government’s role in our country’s recovery, illustrate the deeply polarized views that persist about COVID-19.

  • Overall, 57% of Americans are very or somewhat hopeful that the U.S. will get the COVID-19 pandemic under control in the next six months. However, Republicans are significantly more optimistic than Democrats – there is a 40 percentage point difference between the two – while Independents are more evenly split on being hopeful or not.
  • Thirty-nine percent believe the federal government is making the country’s recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic better, while 60% say it is making it worse. This is similar to the current levels of trust in the federal government and President Donald Trump to provide people with accurate information about the coronavirus.
  • Again, there is a substantial partisan difference. Three-quarters of Republicans (74%) say the federal government is making the country’s recovery from the pandemic better, compared to just 19% of Democrats and 32% of Independents.
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2. After the Republican National Convention, levels of trust in Joe Biden and Donald Trump remain steady.

  • As first reported after the Democratic National Convention (DNC), more Americans trust Joe Biden for COVID-19 information than President Trump.
  • Forty-five percent trust Biden to provide them with accurate information about the coronavirus, compared to 31% for Donald Trump. These numbers are virtually identical to last week, after the DNC (46% and 31%, respectively).

3. With back to school season underway, many parents report their school district is already changing plans for the year.

  • More than half of parents with a child under 18 at home report that school has started. Since last week, the number of parents saying they have sent their child back virtually/via distance learning has risen 10 points (46% now, up from 36%).
  • Among parents who have sent their child back to school, either in person or online, 48% say their district has had to change its schooling plan after the year started.
  • More than one in five (22%) of this same group report that there have been COVID-19 scares or outbreaks within their child’s school district since their child went back to school.

Washington, DC, August 25, 2020

In the twenty-second week of the Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index, we find that the coronavirus is increasingly touching every American. However, while concern remains high, Americans appear to be slowly adapting, and perceptions of risk are declining. Additionally, half of American parents report that their children have restarted school, mostly virtually at this point.

Detailed findings:

1. The toll of the coronavirus continues to climb with increasing numbers of Americans feeling the impact on their personal lives.

  • Fifty-eight percent of Americans know someone who has tested positive, a new high point.
  • Twenty-two percent know someone who has died. While racial differences in knowing someone who has tested positive have mostly dissipated, Black (39%) and Hispanic (31%) Americans continue to be much more likely than white (18%) Americans to know someone who has died of the disease.
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2. As the focus of American politics shifts from the Democratic to the Republican convention, Americans report being more likely to trust what Joe Biden says about coronavirus than President Donald Trump.

  • Just under half (46%) of Americans trust a great deal or a fair amount of what Biden says about coronavirus. Comparatively, under a third (31%) trust what Trump says.
  • Over a quarter of Americans (28%) do not trust most of what either Trump or Biden has to say about the coronavirus.
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3. While American’s levels of concern with the coronavirus remain high, perceived levels of risk continue to trail off.

  • Two thirds of Americans (65%) say that returning to their pre-COVID lives is a large or moderate risk, down from 71% at the beginning of August.
  • Americans’ social engagement is essentially unchanged over the last week with similar numbers reporting self-quarantining (18%), social distancing (76%), going out to eat (37%), or visiting friends or relatives (46%).
  • Over two-thirds (68%) of Americans report wearing a mask at all times when leaving the home.

4. Half of parents report their kids have started school, mostly remote or virtual.

  • Almost a third (30%) of parents report that their children have returned to school entirely in a distance learning or virtual format.
  • One in five (20%) report their children are going back in-person full-time or in a hybrid system. Parents in the Midwest (36%) and Republicans (30%) are more likely to report going back to school in-person.
  • Almost all parents (80%) are at least somewhat concerned about the possibility of their child getting sick as schools return to session.

Washington, DC, August 18, 2020

Americans continue to deal with the pandemic the best they can with concern remaining high but perceptions of risk inching down in some quarters. However, as children return to school, many fear a resurgence of the virus.

Detailed findings:

1. While Americans continue to be concerned with the pandemic and see substantial risks, perceptions of some ‘typical’ activities are softening.

  • Two thirds (66%) see returning to their pre-covid lives as a risk, down from 69% last week and 71% in late July.
  • Fewer Americans view dining in at a restaurant as a risk (64% from 69%) or shopping retail (57% from 61%) compared to a week ago.
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2. As the pandemic has forced people to do more shopping online, three-quarters of Americans report getting something through the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) in the last week.

  • Over half of Americans (64%) were expecting a package through the USPS in the last week. About a third of those (20% of all Americans) experienced a delay or non-delivery.
  • Almost one in five got medication through the mail in the last week. One in four of these (5% of all Americans) experienced a delay or non-delivery.
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3. A third of parents have children who have gone ‘back to school’ as of last week.

  • More parents report their kids in distance learning or virtual classes (21%) than in-person (11%). An additional 2% report their kids in a hybrid in-person and distance situation.
  • Forty-two percent of parents report buying new clothes for their children this week and 14% report buying school supplies.
  • Three quarters (73%) of Americans remain at least somewhat concerned about schools in their community reopening too soon.

4. Americans are not likely to see friends and family as a coronavirus high risk.

  • Just over a third of Americans see close contacts (someone you saw often before the pandemic began; 38%) or family from outside the household (36%) as a moderate or large risk.
  • People with kids in daycare or school (53%), people who travel for work (59%), or essential workers (56%) are much more likely to be seen as risks.

Washington, DC, August 11, 2020

As America passes a milestone, with one in two Americans knowing someone who tested positive and one in five knowing someone who died, the Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds America remains stuck in the struggle with the pandemic. Almost all Americans remain concerned about the pandemic and view a return to normalcy as a significant risk while more than a third of the workforce continues to work remotely. But confidence in our leaders to chart a path forwards appears to be lacking with fewer than a third of the country trusting the federal government and only half trusting state governments.

Detailed findings:

1. Americans are concerned about schools driving the new spread of the coronavirus as a quarter of parents report their kids ‘returning to school’.

  • Almost three-quarters (73%) of Americans are concerned about schools in their community reopening too soon.
  • A quarter of parents (24%) report their children have restarted school. Most of them (68% of those back to school, 17% of all parents) report that their children have returned to entirely distance-based virtual classes. Only 20% (5% of all parents) report their kids returning entirely in-school with an additional 12% (3% of all parents) reporting a mix of in-person and virtual.
  • A third of parents report buying new clothes (36%) or school supplies (35%) for their kids in the last week.
  • Two-thirds of parents (67%) see sending their children to school as a large or moderate risk.
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2. Half of Americans now know someone who has tested positive for the coronavirus and 21% know someone who has died.

  • Half of Americans (50%) report knowing someone who has tested positive. This has climbed from 4% in mid-March when we started this index.
  • A quarter of Americans (25%) know someone who has tested positive in their community.
  • One in five (21%) Americans know someone who died, 42% of whom report losing a family member or close friend.
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3. Americans remain concerned about the pandemic and see a return to normalcy as a risk. Consequently, many Americans continue to work remotely and commercial activity remains below pre-pandemic levels.

  • Most Americans (83%) remain concerned about the pandemic with more than two-thirds (69%) considering returning to pre-coronavirus life as a risk.
  • Commercial activity such as going out to eat (36%) remains low and over a third of workers (39%) continue to work from home or remote.

Washington, DC, August 4, 2020

The new Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index illustrates that with no confidence in federal response, Americans continue to muddle through the coronavirus pandemic. Two-thirds report wearing masks ‘at all times’ when leaving the home even as the number of people ‘self-quarantining’ falls to the lowest level since the start of the pandemic. This comes as almost half of Americans know someone who has tested positive and almost one in five know someone who has died because of the coronavirus.

Detailed findings:

1. Two-thirds of Americans report wearing a mask ‘at all times’ when leaving the home, even as other social distancing measures fall by the wayside.

  • With 67% of Americans reporting wearing a mask at all times, including almost half (48%) of Republicans, mask wearing appears to have become the go-to COVID prevention tool.
  • However, among the half (46%) of Americans who visited with friends or family in the last week, only 21% report wearing a mask at all times during their visits, potentially limiting the effectiveness of wearing a mask.
  • This comes as the number of Americans reporting that they are ‘self-quarantining’ has dropped to 17% with twice as many, 35%, reporting that they’ve gone out to eat in the last week.

2. Americans remain highly concerned about the coronavirus pandemic and continue to see risks around many ‘normal’ activities. However, at this point voting is not seen as among the more risky activities.

  • Almost all Americans (84%) remain concerned about the COVID outbreak, with more than half (59%) extremely or very concerned. Concern has remained at this high level since late June.
  • Among the riskier activities are things involving larger gatherings such as visiting friends and family (68%), dining in at a restaurant (70%), or among parents, sending their child to school (66%).
  • Only 52% see voting in person as risky. However, there is a vast partisan difference on the question with only 29% of Republicans who view voting in person as risky compared to 64% of Democrats. It is unknown what impact this may have on the November election.  
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3. Confidence in the federal government has reached a new low as coronavirus comes increasingly close to many Americans.

  • Only 29% of Americans have a fair amount or great deal of trust in the federal government to look out for the best interests of them and their families.
  • Almost half of Americans (46%) know someone who has tested positive for coronavirus, with half of them (49%) knowing someone in their community who has tested positive. Additionally, 17% of Americans report they personally have been tested.
  • Almost one in five Americans (19%) know someone who has died due to the coronavirus. Of these, a quarter (24%; 4% of all Americans) report that the person who died was a family member. Eight percent of Black and Hispanic respondents report knowing a family member who died.

Washington, DC, July 28, 2020

Our latest Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds Americans struggling to adapt to the ongoing pandemic. Americans are increasingly adopting emergent behaviors like ‘co-bubbling’ (47%) or mask-wearing (63% at all times) to deal with the ongoing concern about getting sick (78% concerned) and the widespread perception of risk (71%) around returning to normal routines.

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Detailed findings:

1. Americans continue to see others as driving the pandemic, even as virtually all say their own behavior is fine.

  • Three-quarters (75%) of Americans say others’ behavior is making the pandemic worse.
  • However, almost all (94%) say their own behavior is making the pandemic better.
  • Among the roughly half of Americans who saw friends and family in the last week (44%), only one in five report wearing a mask at all times (20%) or maintaining 6 feet of distance (20%).  

2. The American public does not see a coronavirus vaccine as an immediate panacea with a clear majority viewing the (potential) first-generation vaccines as being risky.

  • Three in five (61%) Americans view “taking the first generation COVID-19 vaccine as soon as it’s available” as a moderate or large risk. This suggests that the public remains wary of the vaccine until its safety has been shown.
  • To that effect, over two-thirds (69%) view participating in COVID-19 vaccine trials as risky.

3. Trust in the federal government to look out for the best interests of Americans is at a low in our tracking. Trust in state and local governments also remains lower while employers and health officials retain the public’s confidence.

  • Fewer than one in three (30%) Americans trust the federal government this week, down from 32% last week and 53% in March at the start of our tracking.
  • Just over half (54%) of Americans trust the state government and a similar amount (58%) trust local governments. This is down from 71% (for both) in March.
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4. Almost half of Americans know someone who has tested positive for the coronavirus. Almost one in five know someone who has died.

  • This week, 46% of Americans know someone who has tested positive for the coronavirus – half of whom (23% of all Americans) know someone in their community who has tested positive.
  • Almost one in five (18%) Americans know someone who has died from the coronavirus. Black (31%) and Hispanic (28%) Americans continue to be more likely to know someone who has died of coronavirus compared to white (13%) Americans.

Washington, DC, July 21, 2020

As cases continue to climb across the South and West, three quarters of Americans (74%) believe most other Americans are making the COVID-19 pandemic worse. There may be some truth to this concern as new data suggests social distancing measures have stalled-out and few Americans who interact with friends and family outside the home engage in robust protective measures. This comes as more Americans, particularly Republicans, deny the official toll of the pandemic.

Detailed findings:

1. Three-quarters of Americans, from virtually all walks of life, see their fellow country-people as not helping with the pandemic.

  • Even a majority of Republicans, 65%, believe that others are making the pandemic worse.
  • This includes 35% who believe other Americans are behaving in ways that are making the recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic much worse.
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2. Among Americans who report socializing with friends and family in the last week, very few report constant use of protective gear.

  • Just under half of Americans (44%) report seeing friends and family in the last week, essentially unchanged since the first of June.
  • Among that portion of Americans, very few are observing social distance protocols including fewer than one in five (18%) who report wearing a mask at all times and only a quarter (23%) who report maintaining a distance of 6ft or greater at all times.
  • This is despite almost two-thirds (62%) of Americans reporting that they wear a mask at all times when leaving the home.

3. Government at all levels continues to lose the public’s trust regarding coronavirus information.

  • While the CDC (70%) and national public health officials (65%) continue to be trusted information sources for most Americans, trust in the CDC has dropped 15 points from early April.
  • State governments, while still trusted by a small majority of the public (57%), have also lost about 15 percent of the public’s trust since April.
  • Least trusted by the public are the federal government (35%) and the White House (31%).

4. More Americans, particularly Republicans, deny the death toll of the pandemic.

  • Almost a third (31%) of Americans believe the real death toll of the pandemic is less than the 135,000 officially reported as of mid-July. A similarly worded question in early May found that a quarter (23%) said the official count inflated the actual toll.
  • Republicans (59% from 40%) and people who get most of their political information from Fox News (61% from 44%) are the most likely to say that the real number of deaths is less than the official count.
  • Democrats (61% from 63%) continue to mostly believe the real toll of the pandemic is greater than what has been officially reported.
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Washington, DC, July 14, 2020

Fewer Americans report self-quarantining now than any point since the start of the pandemic according to our latest Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index. This corresponds with socializing and commercial activity remaining high, if not quite to pre-pandemic levels. However, more Americans see returning to a pre-coronavirus life as a large risk now than at any time since the high-point of the initial wave in mid-April.   

Detailed findings:

1. Despite the surge in cases across the South and West, Americans continue to venture out of the home at higher rates and do not re-embrace major social distancing.

  • Fewer than one in five (19%) of Americans report self-quarantining the last week, the lowest level since tracking began at the eve of the outbreak in early March.
  • Just under half of Americans (47%) report visiting friends and relatives in the last week, a third (30%) report going out to eat, and about one in six (16%) visited elderly relatives in the last week – all essentially unchanged from levels in mid-June before the current spike in cases.
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2. However, as cases surge, Americans are increasingly seeing normal activities as posing large risks.

  • A third of Americans (33%) see attending in-person gatherings of friends as a large risk to their health. Additionally, over a third (37%) say dining out, just under a third (30%) say going to a salon, and over a quarter (27%) of Americans working remote or temporarily not working say returning to their normal place of employment is a large risk. All are the highest levels since mid to late May.
  • As debate about back-to-school rages, a large majority of parents (71%) say sending their child to school in the fall is a large or moderate risk.
Chart 2

3. Most Americans appear to be embracing mask use as a tool to cope with the coronavirus pandemic.

  • As of July, three in five Americans (62%) report wearing a mask at all times when leaving the home with an additional 23% reporting sometimes wearing a mask (85% total). This is the highest level of mask use since tracking began in April.
  • Among the approximately two in five (38%) Americans who do not wear a mask at all times when out of the home…
    • A third (32%) report not being allowed into an establishment without a mask (about 12% of the total population).
    • One in five (21%) report being told to wear a mask by another person (about 8% of the total population), up from 15% at the end of May.

4. As the pandemic continues, public trust in both the federal government and state governments has fallen to a low in this tracking.

  • A third of Americans (32%) have a fair amount or great deal of trust in the federal government to look out after the best interests of their family. This is down from 53% in mid-March.
  • Just over half (55%) trust their state governments, down from 71% in mid-March. Trust in the state government is lowest in the states currently hit the hardest (47% average cross AZ, FL, GA, and TX).

Washington, DC, June 30, 2020

As June ends, the latest wave of the Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds that American fears of the coronavirus pandemic have resurged to levels last seen during the acute parts of the initial wave. This comes, however, as Americans continue to leave the home more frequently, albeit while taking protective measures.

Detailed findings:

1. Levels of concerns have returned to levels last seen in early May as the pandemic spreads across the South and West.

  • Almost two-thirds (60%) of Americans are very concerned about the coronavirus outbreak, with an additional quarter (24%) somewhat concerned.
  • Over three quarters (78%) are at least somewhat concerned about the possibility of getting sick, up 9 points from the beginning of June.
  • Three quarters (76%) are concerned about their community re-opening too soon, the highest level in our tracking.
corona concerns

2. Correspondingly, perceptions of risk also continue to increase, particularly views of activities that may bring the respondent into contact with large groups of people.

  • Over two-thirds (70%) currently say that returning to their pre-COVID life is a moderate or large risk.

3. Risk aversion may also put a damper on the upcoming Fourth of July holiday with 78% saying attending celebrations is a large or moderate risk.

Risky Business

4. Americans have started curtailing social engagement, however the number engaging in out of home commercial activities remains stable or continues to increase.

  • Less than half (45%) of Americans say they visited friends and family in the last week, down from the post-COVID high of 49% last week. Additionally, visiting elderly relatives is flat at 14%.
  • However, going out to eat continues to increase, now with 31% of Americans reporting having done so in the last week. Visiting a salon or retail store is flat from last week.

Washington, DC, June 23, 2020

Our latest Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds that Americans are increasingly concerned about coronavirus and seeing ‘regular’ activities as increasingly risky after sentiment moderated earlier in June. This uptick in fears comes as Americans address a possible second wave and reflect on their potential to re-enter social distance quarantines if major warning thresholds are met.

Detailed findings:

1. American concern with the coronavirus outbreak, while not as widespread as during early April, has increased notably over the past two weeks.

  • Currently, 85% of Americans are at least somewhat concerned with the outbreak, including 56% who are extremely or very concerned. This is up from 80% and 48% respectively in early June.
  • Concern with communities re-opening too soon (to 71% from 64%) and the possibility of getting sick (to 76% from 69%) are also up 7 percentage points over the last two weeks.
  • Eighty-five percent of Americans are concerned about a second wave of the coronavirus, including 59% who are extremely or very concerned.

2. “Normal” activities are seen as increasingly risky by many including doing their job, going to the grocery store, or socializing with friends after multiple weeks of minimizing concerns.

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3. Americans continue to report that if a second wave hits their state, they will substantially withdraw to protect their health. They also express that they are watching for a wide range of signals of a second wave indicating it may not be official announcements that trigger a rebound in behavior.

  • About four in five Americans say they are likely to stay home and avoid others as much as possible if…
    • The CDC issued guidelines for people in their state to stay home.
    • Their state’s governor issued guidelines for people to stay home.
    • There is a new spike in cases in their state.
    • Nearby hospital ICUs report full or near-full capacity.
    • Someone they know tests positive for the virus.
    • Someone they know is dying from the virus.
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4. Social distancing behaviors continue to subside, but geographical differences remain in people’s experiences.

  • Half of Americans (49%) visited friends or relatives in the last week, up from 47% last week and 19% in early April. However, in the states with the greatest increase in cases (AZ, FL, SC) socializing with friends has declined from 52% to 44% in the last two weeks.
  • The number of Americans working remotely has also begun to decline, this week at 37% of all employed persons from 43% last week.

5. One percent of the U.S. population has tested positive for coronavirus at this point.

  • About one in ten Americans have been tested (11%) and about one in ten (9%) of those tested, tested positive, equal to about 1% of the overall population.

Washington, DC, June 16, 2020

At the end of our third month of tracking America’s response to the coronavirus pandemic, the Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds that even while Americans are increasingly engaging with each other outside the home, concerns about a second wave and perceived risks of regular activities mount.

Detailed findings:

1. More Americans are very concerned about the overall COVID-19 outbreak than last week as a majority express high levels of concern about a second wave of the coronavirus.

  • Fifty-four percent of Americans are extremely or very concerned about the outbreak, up from 48% last week, while 56% report being extremely or very concerned about a second wave.
  • Sixty-four percent view returning to their pre-COVID life as risky right now, up from 57% last week.

2. If there is a second wave, large majorities of Americans report that they are likely to pull back into more socially distancing behaviors.

  • Two-thirds (65%) say they are somewhat or very likely to self-quarantine in the event of a second wave in their state and almost all (85%) report they will take steps to social distance.
  • This extends to social interactions – 79% report they are likely to stop gathering with friends or family – and commercial behavior – 73% report they would stop going to non-grocery retail stores.

3. As discussion of a second wave mounts, Americans report seeing many ‘normal’ activities as being more risky than just a week ago.

  • The number of Americans who report viewing gatherings of friends and family as risky has climbed 5 percentage points from last week (57% moderate or large risk from 52%).
  • Additionally, views of dining in at a restaurant (64% risky from 60%), shopping at a retail store (57% risky from 52%), or going to a barber or salon (58% risky from 54%) have all increased this week.
  • Large gatherings remain highly suspect with 89% viewing attending protests and 74% viewing attending Fourth of July celebrations as a risk to their health or well-being.
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4. Over a third of Americans know someone who has tested positive for coronavirus.

  • While 35% know someone who has tested positive, it remains more prevalent in the Northeast (53%) than other parts of the country.
  • Nine percent of Americans report they have been tested for coronavirus in our latest survey. Of those, 6% say they tested positive. This represents about 0.6% of the U.S. population.

Washington, DC, June 9, 2020

The newest Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus index finds that the types of Americans who are closest to the ongoing protests are the same people most concerned about coronavirus and a potential surge. Additionally, Americans are increasingly getting comfortable with the risk of infection in ‘normal’ activities.

Detailed findings:

1. One in ten Americans (11%) report someone in their immediate family or close circle of friends attended an in-person protest or demonstration in the last week.

  • Fewer (2%) report attending a protest themselves. A number that would represent about 5 million Americans.
  • Younger people (ages 18-29, 20%), Democrats (16%), and residents of urban areas (14%) are more likely to say they know someone who attended a protest.

2. Many of the groups attending the protest see the protests as being risky and are concerned about a potential coronavirus surge.

  • Almost all Americans (86%) see going to protests or demonstrations to be a large or moderate risk to their health.
  • Half of Americans (50%) are extremely or very concerned about a spike in coronavirus cases as a result of these protests, including 60% of Democrats.

3. In general, Americans are seeing ‘normal’ activities as less potentially risky than a few weeks ago.

  • Fewer than half of Americans (43%) say going to the grocery store is a large or moderate risk, down from 52% last week.
  • Also declining in perceived risks are: gatherings of friends (now at 52% from 59% last week), dining at a restaurant (now at 60% from 68%), or shopping at retail stores (now at 52% from 60%).
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4. A third of Americans (33%) now know someone who has tested positive for coronavirus and 1 in 6 (16%) know someone who has died.

  • Additionally, about one in ten (9%) say they have been tested with 5% of those saying the test was positive (equal to about ½ of a percent of the population).

Washington, DC, June 2, 2020

The latest Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index shows that as America uncoils from the coronavirus lockdowns, experiences and fears vary widely by race and partisanship, potentially fueling the dramatic protests observed over the last week. With localities reopening, Americans are starting to reengage with each other, however concerns remain high and fewer report restarting commercial activities.

 Detailed findings:

1. African Americans report different, and generally worse, impacts of the coronavirus pandemic.

  • Over a quarter (28%) of African Americans know someone who has died due to coronavirus compared to only 11% of White Americans.
  • Despite only a small difference between the number of African Americans (41%) who know someone that has tested positive for coronavirus compared to white respondents (31%).
  • More than half (61%) of employed African Americans are at least somewhat concerned about their job security, compared to 39% among White Americans.
  • A third (33%) of African Americans report their personal finances are in poor shape right now, almost twice the level seen among whites (18%).  

2. African Americans have less trust in both the national and local government responses, and express major concerns with biases in the effects of the pandemic.

  • Fewer than one in five (18%) African Americans trust the federal government to look out after the best interests of their families. Local (46%) and state (52%) governments do slightly better.
  • African Americans express extremely low levels of trust in local police forces (36%) compared to White Americans (77%).
  • Most African Americans (75%) are extremely or very concerned about the pandemic doing greater damage to people of color compared to 42% of Hispanic Americans and 30% of White Americans who say the same.
  • Likewise, 70% of African Americans are extremely or very concerned with the official pandemic response being biased against certain groups, compared to 32% of White Americans.
Wave 11 Chart

3. This comes as total social distancing draws to a close, although people remain slow to reengage in commercial activities.

  • Forty-five percent of Americans visited friends or relatives in the last week, up from 38% two weeks ago and basically in line with the 48% in early March as our tracking and the pandemic began.
  • Only a quarter (26%) report self-quarantining (down from 35%) and 80% report social distancing (down from 87%).
  • However, less than one in five (18%) report going out to eat, 12% report going to a salon or barber, and 37% report going to a non-grocery retail establishment.

4. Most Americans continue to wear masks out of home, with only a few reporting altercations based on mask use.

  • Fifty percent of Americans report wearing a mask ‘at all times’ when leaving the home with an additional 27% reporting wearing one some, but not all the time. Only 10% report never wearing a mask.
  • Of people who wear a mask, 12% report that they’ve told someone else to put a mask on, and only 3% report that someone else has told them to remove the mask.
  • Among people who, at least occasionally, do not wear a mask, 15% report that they’ve been told by someone else to put one on, and over a quarter (28%) say they’ve not been allowed into an establishment without a mask.

Washington, DC, May 19, 2020

1. Americans are open to locally-run, in-person contact tracing systems.

  • A large majority of Americans say they would likely follow several key aspects of contact tracing systems including 84% who say they would be likely to self-quarantine if they were notified that they came into contact with a coronavirus-infected individual and two-thirds (76%) would give officials a list of all the people they had recently come into contact with.
  • However, fewer (56%) would give access to their cell phone location data echoing the 51% who would opt-into a cell-phone based tracing system established by public health officials in our wave 9 study.
Wave 10 Chart

2. The end of social distancing is driven by seeing friends and family.

  • Over a third (38%) of Americans report visiting friends or relatives in the last week, up 6 percentage points from last week, and almost twenty from the high point of social distancing in mid-April. Likewise, nearly a third (31%) of parents report their kids playing with other kids in the last week.
  • While also climbing, many fewer Americans report going out to eat (12%) or going to a salon (7%) in the last week.
  • Sixty-four percent of Americans currently view seeing family or friends as a large or moderate risk to their health, down from 81% in mid-April. Currently, 74% view dining in at a restaurant and 66% view going to a salon as a large or moderate risk.  

3. Memorial Day is going to be a questionable start to the Summer holiday season.

  • Half of Americans (49%) say they have canceled summer vacation plans.
  • Seventy-five percent view taking a vacation as a large or moderate risk to their health while 84% view attending a sporting event as a large or moderate risk.

4. Trust in the federal government continues to decline as state governments hold steady.

  • Slightly more than a third (37%) of Americans currently say they trust the federal government to look out after the best interests of their family, down from 43% in late April.
  • Almost two-thirds (61%) currently trust their state governments, a figure that has held steady since late April.
  • Employers (78%) and local health officials and healthcare workers (84%) remain the most trusted.

Washington, DC, May 12, 2020

The ninth week of the Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds social distancing continues to decline as fewer people see visiting friends and family as a major risk. However, about one in eight report knowing someone in their community who tested positive and over three-quarters report wearing a mask when leaving the home.

Detailed findings:

1. Social distancing continues to decline as states begin to reopen and people tire of the quarantines.

  • 32% of Americans report visiting friends or relatives in the last week, up from 26% last week and 19% in mid-April.
  • Additionally, the number who report ‘self-quarantining’ is down to 36% from a high of 55% in early April.
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2. While still a significant concern, fewer Americans are seeing coronavirus as a major risk.

  • Two-thirds (64%) of Americans say returning to their pre-coronavirus lives right now would be a large or moderate risk to their health and well-being, down from 72% in mid-April.
  • Fewer Americans are also seeing in-person gatherings (81%->68%), going to the grocery store (70%->54%), or doing their job (39%->33%) as a large or moderate risk compared to mid-April.  

3. Most Americans say they are following guidelines when leaving the home, but see others not giving social distancing space.

  • Most (60%) of Americans say they are maintaining a distance of at least 6ft from others outside their homes and half (50%) report wearing a mask all of the time.
  • However, only about one in five report seeing others wearing masks (18%) or maintaining social distance (17%) all of the time.

4. Few Americans are likely to opt-in to cell phone-based contact tracing systems at this time.

  • Only about a third of Americans say they are likely to opt-in to cell phone based contact tracing systems established by the federal government (31%), major tech companies (33%), or cell phone companies (35%).
  • A bare majority (51%) would join a CDC sponsored cell phone-based system.

5. Americans still think going back to work — and getting there — is risky.

  • A majority (58%) of people who are working from home, have returned to work, had their business shut down, are furloughed, or laid off think going back to work is a moderate or large risk.
  • Using ride-sharing or taxis is seen as risky for three quarters (75%) of Americans.

Washington, DC, May 5, 2020

The eighth week of the Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds Americans reporting increased visits with friends and family as longing for company frays social distancing. Additionally, declining trust in state governments is observed in the early-reopening states of Florida, Georgia, and Texas.

Detailed findings:

1. Over a quarter of Americans report visiting friends and family in the past week, up from mid-April.

2. American working conditions are largely unchanged with significant parts of the population still working from home or out of work.

3. The number of Americans reporting receiving stimulus money increased, however, much of it still seems to not be going back into the economy.

4. Trust in state governments to take care of people is trending down, driven most strongly by residents of states pushing to re-open.

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Washington, DC, April 28, 2020

The seventh week of the Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds America adapting to the quarantine equilibrium, even as partisanship and some slippage of social distancing start to appear. Additionally, over a quarter of Americans now know someone who has tested positive for the coronavirus while about 1 in 8 know someone who has died.

Detailed findings:

1. Americans are acclimating as fewer report negative impacts on their mental health, emotional well-being, stress, and ability to do their jobs. Additionally, fewer people report shortages or inability to find staple items.

  • Twenty-eight percent of Americans report worsening mental health, down from 34% in early April. Likewise, 34% report worsening emotional well-being, down from 41%.
  • A third report their ability to do their job has gotten worse, down from 47% in early April.
  • Forty-six percent report that their ability to access food and household needs has gotten worse, down from 66% in late March.

2. Concern about the pandemic and trust in the federal and state government responses continue to be strongly tied to partisanship.

  • Republicans, particularly Republicans who get most of their news from Fox News, are more likely to trust the federal government (66%) and less likely to think that returning to their pre-coronavirus lives tomorrow is a major risk (58%).
  • Democrats widely distrust the federal government (28%), trust governors (71%), and believe returning to normal right now is a big risk (84%).

3. Much of the stimulus money does not appear to be going directly back into local economies.

  • Only half of Americans (49%) report receiving government stimulus money, unchanged from last week.
  • Among those who have, a third (38%) report putting it into savings with an additional 18% reporting not spending it yet.
  • A quarter (25%) report using the stimulus money to pay for food and household needs and 14% report using it to pay rent or mortgage.
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4. The number of Americans reporting visiting friends and relatives is up for the first time since the pandemic began, suggesting some fraying to social distancing.

  • This week 24% of Americans report visiting friends and family in the last week, up from 19% last week. This increase is seen across most demographic groups.

Washington, DC, April 21, 2020

The sixth week of the Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds that Republicans are increasingly likely to minimize the risk of the coronavirus pandemic while Democratic trust of the federal government response continues to erode. Both sides continue to hold state governments and health professionals in high regard.  

Detailed findings:

1. Republicans, who had increased in levels of concern about the coronavirus pandemic over the last few weeks, have reversed course as the President and Republican governors have shifted towards a focus on ending social distancing.

  • This week, 49% of Republicans are extremely or very concerned about the coronavirus outbreak, down from 56% last week.
  • This is while 80% of Democrats remain concerned.   
graph

2. Over two-thirds of Americans think going back to their pre-coronavirus lives right now would be a moderate or large risk to their health.

  • Partisanship appears to have a stronger connection to perceptions of risk than many other demographic factors.
  • Only 21% of Republicans view going back to their normal lives to be a ‘large’ risk compared to 52% of Democrats.

3. Most measures of personal or professional impact of the pandemic are stable from last week.

  • Physical and mental health impacts are roughly equal to where they were seen last week with about 1/3 reporting worsened mental or emotional well being and 1/6 reporting worsened physical health.
  • Two in five employed Americans continue to work from home while over 1 in 4 have been furloughed, laid off, or had their employers close, again consistent with last week.

4. Almost half of Americans report receiving government stimulus money.

  • Forty-nine percent of Americans report receiving stimulus money from the government in the past few weeks. Americans between the ages of 30 and 64, Midwestern, have some college education, and suburban and rural are more likely to report receiving the government aid.

Washington, DC, April 14, 2020 

The fifth week of the Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds while the country continues to maintain the uneasy quarantine equilibrium, Americans still working out in the world feel more at risk. At the same time, the number of Americans who know someone infected continues to climb. 

Detailed findings:

1. Over half of Americans still working outside of the home feel that doing their jobs puts their health and wellness at risk right now compared to a small minority of those working from home.

  • This week, 57% of Americans still working out in the world report that they feel doing their job is a moderate or large risk to their health. Of those working from home only 13% say the same.
  • However, those working in the world are also less likely to report using a mask (44%) compared to the average of all Americans 56%.
  • Additionally, those furloughed, laid off, or whose employers closed are more likely to report increasing household debt over the last month (34%).
Graph

2. About one in five Americans now know someone who has tested positive for the coronavirus. The greatest concentration of people with coronavirus in their personal network remains the Northeast region including New York, but the South has posted the greatest rate of increase over the last week.

  • Nineteen percent of Americans report knowing someone who has tested positive for coronavirus, up from 14% last week and 10% two weeks ago.
  • Thirty-one percent of people in the Northeast report knowing someone who has tested positive for coronavirus, while 18% of people in the South report knowing someone.

3. In what could be viewed as positive news, the outbreak appears to have increased the amount of quality leisure time for many Americans.

  • Two in five Americans (43%) report spending more time talking with their family compared to a month ago. A similar level (41%) report spending more time on home improvement or craft projects.
  • Over half (53%) report watching more television in the last month.
  • However, one in eight (16%) say the amount or intensity of disagreements with family or friends have increased in the last month. This is particularly acute among those who have been furloughed or laid off (26%).

Washington, DC, April 7, 2020

The fourth week of the Axios-Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds a country taking its breath after profound changes to the shape of society. Social distancing and work statistics appear to have stabilized as the outbreak continues to progress. 

Detailed findings:

1. The number of Americans reporting that they are self-quarantining or working remotely is mostly unchanged from last week as the nation pauses after the pronounced changes in late March.

  • This week, 55% of Americans say they are self-quarantining (up from 53% last week) while 45% report working remotely (up from 42% last week).
  • The number of Americans reporting being furloughed (19%), their employer shutting down (17%), or being laid off (11%) are also mostly unchanged from last week.

2. About one in eight Americans now know someone who has tested positive for the coronavirus. The greatest concentration of people with coronavirus in their personal network is in the Northeast region including New York, but the South has posted the greatest rate of increase over the last week.

  • Fourteen percent of Americans report knowing someone who has tested positive for coronavirus, up from 10% last week.
  • Twenty-three percent of people in the Northeast report knowing someone who has tested positive for coronavirus, up 3 percentage points from last week (20%) while 13% of people in the South report knowing someone, almost double the number from last week (7%).
  • Additionally, Americans who are continuing to work in their normal workplace context report the greatest increase in proximity (18% up from 10% last week).
wave 4

3. Anxiety levels around the coronavirus continue to climb as people adjust to the new circumstances. However, relatively few report acute financial challenges for the moment.

  • Forty-seven percent of working adults report that their ability to effectively do their jobs has gotten worse over the past few weeks.
  • About 1 in 5 (19%) say their ability to pay rent or their mortgage has worsened over the last few weeks and a quarter (26%) say their ability to afford household goods has worsened.

Washington, DC, April 1, 2020

The third week of the Axios/Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds that over half of Americans are self-quarantining and concern about the pandemic continues to increase as people adjust to the new normal.  

Detailed findings:

1. Over half of Americans, or about 175 million people, say they are self-quarantining as in-person social contact continues to dwindle.

  • This week 53% of Americans tell us they are self-quarantining, up from 39% last week and 10% two weeks ago.
  • In-person social contact continues to decline with only 13% reporting ‘going out to eat’ (down from 25% last week and 56% two weeks ago) or 23% visiting friends or relatives (down from 32% and 48% two weeks ago).
Self-quarantine

2. The sudden shift to the American workforce appears to be, at the moment, stabilized.

  • From last week, roughly equivalent numbers reporting being told to work from home (42% vs 40% last week), their employer shutting down (16% vs 18% last week), or being furloughed (20% vs 22% last week).
  • 9% of (formerly) employed respondents report being laid off.
  • Likewise, the number who report their employers shutting down has almost doubled (to 16% from 10%) as has the number being furloughed or otherwise told not to work (to 20% from 10%).

3. Americans appear to be adapting to the new normal of the coronavirus pandemic with stability on mental health and work efficiency measures.

  • Slightly fewer Americans report worsening mental health compared to last week (30% worse vs 35% last week) and emotional well-being (37% from 43% last week), while worsening physical health has remained stable (at 14%).
  • Among working adults, about the same number report worsened ability to do their jobs compared to last week (43% vs 44%).
  • The worst of supply chain shocks appear to be last week as the number attempting, but failing to buy basic foods (at 18% from 23% last week) or toilet paper (at 34% from 37% last week) has stabilized.
Adapting to the new normal

Washington, DC, March 24, 2020

The second week of the Axios/Ipsos Coronavirus Index finds that the number of Americans self-quarantining and working remotely have spiked in just one week, as anxiety around the outbreak increases.  

Detailed findings:

1. Over the last week, Americans have sharply increased their social distancing practices.

  • The number of Americans who say they are self-quarantining has almost quadrupled, up to 39% this week (fielded March 20-23) versus only 10% this time last week (March 13-16).
  • Many more have also stopped attending large gatherings (74% now, from 46%) or canceled travel (48% now, from 30%).
  • Americans also report reducing social contact such as going out to eat (down to 25% from 56% last week) or visiting friends (down to 32% from 48%).
coronavirus impact

2. Likewise, the in-person workforce is rapidly shrinking as Americans either move to work from home or not working

  • Among working Americans, the number who report being told to work from home has doubled, up to 40% from 21% last week.
  • Likewise, the number who report their employers shutting down has almost doubled (to 18% from 10%) as has the number being furloughed or otherwise told not to work (to 22% from 10%).
coronavirus impact on work

3. Though the widespread effects on public health remain to be felt, the outbreak has already started to impact emotional and mental health.

  • Virtually all (90%) Americans are concerned about the coronavirus outbreak, including 59% who are very concerned.
  • Sharply increased numbers of Americans report worsening mental health (35% worse vs 22% last week) and emotional well-being (43% from 29%), while physical health has posted less significant changes (to 14% from 8%).

Washington, DC, March 17, 2020

The inaugural Axios/Ipsos Coronavirus Index – a weekly tracking survey fielded on the Ipsos KnowledgePanel – finds that while Americans are highly concerned about the COVID-19 outbreak, many are slow to shift behaviors that may contribute to the virus’s spread.

This survey, fielded March 13-16, 2020, as the American public started to come to grips with the severity of COVID-19, finds that while 79% are concerned about the outbreak, 56% went out to eat and 48% visited friends in the last week.

However, there are signs that the public is responding to expert guidance to create ‘social distance.’ Nearly half (46%) report skipping large gatherings, 64% say they have stopped shaking hands, and 93% are washing their hands for the recommended 20 seconds. Additionally, 10% of the public say they are ‘self-quarantining’ and avoiding contact with others.

The findings of this study are more stark on the professional front, with 21% of working respondents reporting that they have been told to work remotely and 10% saying their employers have shut down completely.

About the Study

This Wave 1 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted March 13th to 16th, 2020 by Ipsos’ KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,092 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 2 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted March 20th to 23rd, 2020 by Ipsos’ KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 998 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 3 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted March 27th to 30th, 2020 by Ipsos’ KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,355 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 4 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted April 3rd to 6th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,136 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 5 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted April 10th to 13th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,098 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 6 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted April 17th to 20th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,021 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 7 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted April 24th to 27th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,021 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 8 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted May 1st to 4th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,012 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 9 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted May 8th to 11th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 980 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 10 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted May 15th to 18th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,009 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 11 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted May 29th to June 1st, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,033 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 12 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted June 5th to June 8th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,006 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 13 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted June 12th to June 15th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,022 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 14 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted June 19th to June 22nd, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,023 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 15 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted June 26th to June 29th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,065 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 16 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted July 10th to July 13th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,063 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 17 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted July 17th to July 20th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,037 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 18 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted July 24th to July 27th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,076 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 19 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted July 31st to August 3rd, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,129 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 20 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted August 7th to August 10th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,076 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 21 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted August 14th to August 17th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,141 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 22 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted August 21st to August 24th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,084 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 23 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted August 28th to August 31st, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,100 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 24 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted September 11th to September 14th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,019 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 25 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted September 18th to September 21st, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,008 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 26 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted September 24th to September 27th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,075 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 27 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted October 1st to October 5th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,004 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 28 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted October 16th to October 19th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,001 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 29 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted October 23rd to October 26th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,079 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 30 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted November 13th to November 16th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,092 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 31 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted November 20th to November 23rd, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,002 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 32 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted December 4th to December 7th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,101 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 33 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted December 11th to December 14th, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,009 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 34 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted December 18th to December 21st, 2020 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,003 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 35 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted January 8th to January 11th, 2021 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,038 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 36 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted January 22nd to January 25th, 2021 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,112 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 37 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted January 29th to February 1, 2021 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,038 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 38 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted February 5th to February 8th, 2021 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,030 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 39 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted February 19th to February 22th, 2021 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,029 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 40 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted February 26th to March 1st, 2021 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,088 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 41 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted March 5th to March 8th, 2021 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,001 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 42 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted March 19th to March 22nd, 2021 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 995 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 43 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted April 2nd to April 5th, 2021 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 979 general population adults age 18 or older.

This Wave 44 Axios/Ipsos Poll was conducted April 16th to April 19th, 2021 by Ipsos KnowledgePanel®  – a division of Ipsos. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,033 general population adults age 18 or older.

The survey was conducted using the web-enabled KnowledgePanel®, the largest and most well-established online panel that is representative of the adult US population. Our recruitment process employs a scientifically developed addressed-based sampling methodology using the latest Delivery Sequence File of the USPS – a database with full coverage of all delivery points in the US. Households are randomly selected from all available households in the U.S. Persons in these households are invited to join and participate in KnowledgePanel. Ipsos provides a tablet and internet connection at no cost to households that do not already have internet access. Those who join the panel and who are selected to participate in a survey are sent a unique password-protected log-in used to complete surveys online. As a result of our recruitment and sampling methods, samples from KnowledgePanel cover all households regardless of their phone or internet status and provide fully representative online samples to the research community.

The study was conducted in English. The data were weighted to adjust for gender by age, race, education, Census region, metropolitan status, and household income. The demographic weighting benchmarks are from the 2019 March supplement of the U.S. Census Bureau’s Current Population Survey (CPS). The weighting categories were as follows:

  • Gender (Male/Female) by Age (18–29, 30–44, 45–59, and 60+)
  • Race/Hispanic Ethnicity (White/Non-Hispanic, Black/Non-Hispanic, Other or 2+ Races/Non-Hispanic, Hispanic)
  • Education (Less than High School, High School graduate, Some College, Bachelor and beyond)
  • Census Region (Northeast, Midwest, South, West)
  • Metropolitan status (Metro, non-Metro)
  • Household Income (Under $25,000, $25,000-$49,999, $50,000-$74,999, $75,000-$99,999, $100,000-$149,999, $150,000+)

The margin of sampling error is plus or minus 3.0 - 3.4 percentage points at the 95% confidence level, for results based on the entire sample of adults. The margin of sampling error takes into account the design effect, which was 1.07 - 1.24. The margin of sampling error is higher and varies for results based on sub-samples. In our reporting of the findings, percentage points are rounded off to the nearest whole number. As a result, percentages in a given table column may total slightly higher or lower than 100%. In questions that permit multiple responses, columns may total substantially more than 100%, depending on the number of different responses offered by each respondent.

About Ipsos

Ipsos is the world’s third largest market research company, present in 90 markets and employing more than 18,000 people.

Our passionately curious research professionals, analysts and scientists have built unique multi-specialist capabilities that provide true understanding and powerful insights into the actions, opinions and motivations of citizens, consumers, patients, customers or employees. We serve more than 5000 clients across the world with 75 business solutions.

Founded in France in 1975, Ipsos is listed on the Euronext Paris since July 1st, 1999. The company is part of the SBF 120 and the Mid-60 index and is eligible for the Deferred Settlement Service (SRD).

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The author(s)

  • Chris Jackson Senior Vice President, US, Public Affairs
  • Mallory Newall Director, US, Public Affairs
  • Jinhee Yi Research Analyst, US, Public Affairs

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