- 51% of all respondents still perceive that corrupt practices happen widely in business in their country
- 77% of board members or senior managers say they could justify unethical behavior to help a business survive
- Only 21% of respondents are aware their company has a whistleblowing hotline
Despite sporadic progress in tackling bribery and corruption across Europe, the Middle East, India and Africa (EMEIA), 51% of respondents to the biennial EY EMEIA Fraud Survey still perceive the problem to be widespread in their country. Twenty-seven percent of all respondents state that it is common practice in their business sector to use bribery to win contracts, including 14% of respondents in Western Europe. The report, Human instinct or machine logic – which do you trust most in the fight against fraud and corruption?, surveyed 4,100 employees from large businesses in 41 countries.
Senior management are failing to foster a culture of ethical behavior finds the survey: 77% of board directors or senior managers say they would be willing to justify some form of unethical behavior to help a business survive, with one in three willing to offer cash payments to win or retain business. Nevertheless, 28% of respondents believe that regulation has had a positive impact on deterring unethical behavior, an increase of 4 percentage points from the 2015 survey, with 77% of respondents agreeing that the prosecution of individuals would help deter fraud, bribery and corruption by executives.
The Generation Y cohort (25 to 34 year olds), who constitute 32% of respondents, demonstrate more relaxed attitudes toward unethical behavior the survey finds. Seventy-three percent state that such behavior is justified to help a business survive, compared with 49% of 45 to 54 year olds (Generation X) surveyed who hold this view. Furthermore, 68% of Generation Y respondents believe their management would engage in unethical behavior to help a business survive, and 25% of this age group would offer cash payments to win or retain business. Generation Y also show a heightened distrust of their co-workers, with 49% believing that their colleagues would be prepared to act unethically to improve their own career progression,compared with 40% across all age groups.
Failure to establish a culture of reporting unethical behavior
Despite the fact that whistleblowing hotlines are now considered an important part of a company’s compliance program, only 21% of respondents were aware of such a channel in their company, while 73% would consider providing information directly to a third party such as a law enforcement agency or regulator. Moreover, 52% of respondents had concerns about misconduct within their organization. Of those respondents, 48% felt pressure to withhold information, leading to 56% of this group choosing not to report.
Respondents in emerging markets such as India (27%) and Nigeria (24%) agree that they are now offered more protection to blow the whistle in comparison to three years ago. However, more limited improvement has been seen in developed markets such as Italy (11%) and France (4%).
Appropriate monitoring of employees’ data important in preventing insider threat
The survey reveals a tension between the use of technology and the monitoring of employees’ private data. Seventy-five percent of respondents say their companies should monitor sources such as emails, calls or messaging services. Despite this, 89% feel monitoring data, such as instant messenger accounts, would constitute an invasion of privacy. When asked if they support the routine collection and analysis of their data from email, telephone, security systems or the public record, respondents from Western (42%) and Eastern (49%) Europe were less supportive in comparison to India (87%) and Africa (80%).
About the survey
Between November 2016 and January 2017, 4,100 interviews were conducted in 41 countries across EMEIA by Ipsos MORI on behalf of EY. The interviews consisted of both face-to-face and online interviews in local languages on an anonymous basis covering a mixture of company sizes, job roles and industry sectors.
For the purposes of this survey, emerging markets are defined as including: Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Estonia, Hungary, India, Jordan, Kenya, Latvia, Lithuania, Nigeria, Oman, Poland, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Turkey, UAE and Ukraine.
Developed markets are defined as: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK.