全球氣溫爆表! 政策實施卻慢半拍或仍在猶豫

僅4成的民眾認為多數國家在氣候變遷上採取了足夠的行動。Only four in 10 people globally feel most countries are doing enough on climate change.

聯合國(UN)旗下的專門機構-世界氣象組織(WMO)針對氣候變遷提出嚴厲警告。
 
根據世界氣象組織的數據,2015年至2019年期間全球平均氣溫,將成為有紀錄以來最熱的5年,這段期間的氣溫比1850年工業化時期的氣溫高出攝氏1.1度。
 
全球平均氣溫在過去五年上升了0.2°C但在未來五年內它預計將上升1.2~1.3°C。這數據接近世界各國政府於2015年在巴黎協議中所簽署將氣溫升幅控制在1.5%°C之內。
 
世界氣象組織秘書長塔拉斯 (Petteri Taalas) 在報告中對於導致氣候變遷的主因及其影響提出高度警告:「若要阻止全球氣溫比工業化前水平高出攝氏2度以上,當前的氣候行動目標水準需要增至3倍。若要將升幅限制在1.5度,則需五倍的決心」。
 
世界氣象組織提到,海平面上升、冰川快速消融、全球暖化造成海水酸化,以及極端天氣等氣候事件如自然災害和熱浪等將變得更為致命。
 
A very real warning on climate change came this week from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) – a global U.N. agency. 
 
The world hit its warmest average temperature in the last five years on record – rising 1.1 degrees centigrade since the pre-industrial period of 1850, according to the WMO. 
 
The average global temperature rose 0.2°C from the previous five-year period, but it’s expected to rise 1.2 to 1.3°C over the next five years. That’s close to the 1.5-degree limit that governments around the world agreed to in the 2015 Paris Agreement. 
 
“To stop a global temperature increase of more than 2°C above pre-industrial levels, the level of ambition needs to be tripled. And to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees, it needs to be multiplied by five,” said WMO Secretary-General Petteri Taalas in the report that heightened alarm on causes and impacts of climate change.
 
The WMO says sea levels are rising faster, multi-year ice has almost disappeared, access heat is creating more acidity in oceans and extreme events like natural disasters and heat waves are becoming more deadly.

 

 

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