A new global study by Ipsos, carried out online among adults across 28 countries between February 22 and March 8, 2019, finds that while people worldwide have a myriad of concerns when it comes to environmental issues, climate change has climbed in importance since last year. Among the top findings are:
- Over a third of people around the world think that global warming/climate change (37%), air pollution, (35%), and dealing with the amount of waste we generate (34%) are among the top three environmental issues facing their country. Concern for these issues has widened since last year.
- The U.S. is sixth worldwide in thinking that global warming/climate change is a top issue, surpassed by Japan (52%), Spain (51%), Germany (50%), Canada (48%), and South Korea (48%).
- Americans are cautious when it comes to policy actions to deal with non-recyclable product waste. The U.S. is among the least supportive countries for all proposed policy actions aside from taxing non-recyclables and increasing government investments to improve recycling – though fewer than two in five support each.
- Most would prefer making individual-level lifestyle changes such as re-using disposable products, rather than either avoiding purchases of disposables altogether or paying extra taxes and recycling fees.
The world agrees about its concern of disposable, non-recyclable products. Globally, four out of every five people (81%) are concerned about such products, compared to only 15% who are not concerned about them.
Of the six governmental policy proposals surveyed, none found a global majority believing in their effectiveness.
- The best-performing policies worldwide are forcing government spending to improve the range of recyclable items (46%), taxing shops that use non-recyclable products (33%), and taxing these products to increase their price (30%). For each of the surveyed policies, a lower percentage of Americans think it would be effective than the global population.
- People around the world have not moved significantly in their beliefs regarding potential policy actions since last year.
People are willing to take some specific actions to reduce waste, but are not willing to take many changes to their shopping habits.
- Most people around the world are willing to re-use disposable items (56%) and buy products made from recycled materials (51%).
- However, fewer than three in twenty people are willing to pay more tax so recycling facilities can be improved (12%) or pay extra for goods without non-recyclable packaging (14%).
- Globally, people are more willing this year than last to take some kind of personal action to reduce packaging waste – most drastically in their willingness to buy products made from recycled materials (51%, compared to 47% last year).
Most people believe someone or something has a responsibility for reducing unnecessary packaging, but are heavily divided over who or what that is.
- A majority think that companies that produce packaged goods (23%), companies that sell packaged goods (10%), the government (6%), consumers (5%), or all of the above (47%) should take responsibility. Only 1% believe nobody has a responsibility to do this, and 6% have no opinion or don’t know.
- The U.S. (5%) is among the last of all countries surveyed in thinking that consumers should take responsibility for reducing unnecessary packaging, ahead of only Argentina (4%), Great Britain (3%), Russia (2%), and Serbia (2%).
Globally, people are more concerned about environmental issues, have more belief in the efficacy of government action, and are willing to take more personal actions to help solve the problems – but are much less willing to assign responsibility for finding a solution – than last year.
- The world is more concerned about what it perceives to be the top three environmental issues – global warming/climate change (37%, up from 30%), air pollution (35%, up from 30%), and dealing with the amount of waste we generate (34%, up from 30%) – than it was in 2018.
- Globally, more people think every policy surveyed would be more effective that thought so in 2018, with the biggest movers being a public information campaign (27%, up from 23%) and the government “naming and shaming” shops that use a lot of non-recyclable packaging (26%, up from 23%).
- People are more willing to take action to reduce problems caused by non-recyclable packaging, including re-using disposable items (56%, up from 53%). A majority now is willing to buy products from recycled materials (51%, up from 47%).