Washington, DC, October 20, 2021 - A recent Ipsos poll finds that over a third of Americans believe in ghosts and U.F.O's. Men are more likely than women to believe in U.F.Os, while women are more likely to believe in ghosts. While over a third of Americans say they believe in ghosts, fewer have actually seen or believed to have been in the presence of a ghost. About two thirds of Americans celebrate Halloween, with women being more likely to celebrate than men. The most popular ways to celebrate include decorating your house, carving pumpkins, and watching scary movies.
1. Over a third of Americans believe in ghosts (36%) and U.F.O's (39%).
- Belief in both ghosts and U.F.O's has increased slightly since October 2007, by two and five percentage points, respectively. Men are more likely than women to believe in U.F.Os (43% men, 35% women), while women are more likely to believe in ghosts (41% women, 32% men) and spells or witchcraft (26% women, 15% men).
- While about one in three Americans believe in ghosts (36%),only about one in four have actually seen or believed to have been in the presence of a ghost (24%). Women are more likely than men to have seen or felt the presence of a ghost (28% women and 19% men)
- Although about two in five Americans believe in U.F.Os, only ten percent claim to have seen one.
2. About two thirds of Americans celebrate Halloween (62%), with women being more likely to celebrate than men.
- Two in three women (67%) celebrate Halloween, compared to only about half of men (55%) Less than one in ten Americans say they celebrate the Day of the Dead or Día de los Muertos.
- The most popular ways to celebrate the Halloween season include decorating your house (39%), carving pumpkins (37%), watching scary movies (36%), and dressing up in a costume (32%). Women are more likely than men to engage in these Halloween activities, while twenty-nine percent of Americans do not do anything to celebrate Halloween.
- Chocolate candy is by far Americans preferred Halloween candy (60%), beating out gummy candy (7%), caramel candy (7%), sour candy (6%) and hard candy (3%).
About the Study
This Ipsos poll was conducted October 15 – 18, 2021, by Ipsos using the probability-based KnowledgePanel®. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,013 general population adults age 18 or older. The sample includes 523 Males and 490 Females.
The margin of sampling error is plus or minus 3.3 percentage points at the 95% confidence level, for results based on the entire sample of adults. The margin of sampling error takes into account the design effect, which was 1.16. The margin of sampling error is higher and varies for results based on other sub-samples. In our reporting of the findings, percentage points are rounded off to the nearest whole number. As a result, percentages in a given table column may total slightly higher or lower than 100%. In questions that permit multiple responses, columns may total substantially more than 100%, depending on the number of different responses offered by each respondent.
The survey was conducted using KnowledgePanel, the largest and most well-established online probability-based panel that is representative of the adult US population. Our recruitment process employs a scientifically developed addressed-based sampling methodology using the latest Delivery Sequence File of the USPS – a database with full coverage of all delivery points in the US. Households invited to join the panel are randomly selected from all available households in the U.S. Persons in the sampled households are invited to join and participate in the panel. Those selected who do not already have internet access are provided a tablet and internet connection at no cost to the panel member. Those who join the panel and who are selected to participate in a survey are sent a unique password-protected log-in used to complete surveys online. As a result of our recruitment and sampling methodologies, samples from KnowledgePanel cover all households regardless of their phone or internet status and findings can be reported with a margin of sampling error and projected to the general population.
The data were weighted to adjust for gender by age, race/ethnicity, education, Census region, metropolitan status, household income, race/ethnicity by gender, race/ethnicity by age, and race/ethnicity by education. The demographic benchmarks came from the 2019 American Community Survey (ACS) except for the metropolitan status, which is not available from the 1-year ACS data, were obtained from the 2020 March Supplement of the Current Population Survey (CPS).
- Gender (Male, Female) by Age (18–25, 26–39, 40-54 and 55+)
- Race/Hispanic Ethnicity (White Non-Hispanic, Black Non-Hispanic, Latinx, Asian, Other)
- Education (Less than High School, High School, Some College, Bachelor or higher)
- Census Region (Northeast, Midwest, South, West) by Metropolitan status (Metro, non-Metro)
- Household Income (Under $25,000, $25,000-$49,999, $50,000-$74,999, $75,000-$99,999, $100,000-$149,999, $150,000+)
- Race/ethnicity (White/Other Non-Hispanic, Black Non-Hispanic, Latinx, Asian) by Gender (Male, Female)
- Race/ethnicity (White/Other Non-Hispanic, Black Non-Hispanic, Latinx, Asian) by Age (18-44, 45+)
- Race/ethnicity (White/Other Non-Hispanic, Black Non-Hispanic, Latinx, Asian) by Education (Some College or less, Bachelor and beyond)
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