New York, NY - With the future of the Kyoto Accord far from certain, new results from a ten-country Ipsos survey show that public opinion spans a wide range of positions on global warming--and whether or not it is the force behind the extreme temperatures some parts of the world have been experiencing. The surveyed countries were Brazil, Canada, the U.S., France, Germany, the U.K., Russia, China, India, and Japan1. The survey, conducted by Ipsos World Monitor, a global consumer and civic trends reporting service, put this question to respondents: "Some parts of the world have experienced very hot weather this past  summer. In your own opinion, do you think this is evidence of `global warming' or is it just part of weather patterns that vary from year to year?" Some samples of result highlights:
- Japanese were the most likely to believe the hot weather proved global warming (79% chose this option), with urban Chinese next in line (66%).
- Fewer than 4 in 10 in the U.S. and urban Russia and only one-quarter in middle and upper class urban India chose the global warming verdict, preferring instead the conclusion that the hot summer was just part of weather patterns that vary from year to year.
- In Canada, the U.K, and France, opinion came out nearly perfectly divided between "global warming" and "weather patterns", suggesting a polarized and vigorous debate in these countries.
- Outside of Asia, young women were more apt to see the hot summer as evidence of global warming than were other socio-demographic groups, with older men the least persuaded by this argument. But the situation was reversed in the three Asian countries polled, with younger people slightly more skeptical of the global warming point-of-view.