Washington, DC, May 23, 2019 — A new Ipsos/Newsy study looks at student debt issues and sentiment toward policy proposals in light of the upcoming 2020 presidential election. From a list of 10 policy proposals, Medicare for All (33%) and universal background checks for gun purchases (30%) are the biggest determinants of Democratic presidential primary candidate support among registered voters that identify as Democrats or Independents. Student debt forgiveness is ranked as the fifth most important among Democrat and Independent registered voters (15%). However, among millennials (age 18-38), student debt forgiveness is a top-tier policy issue (24%), alongside Medicare for All (28%) and universal background checks (26%).
Looking at a range of policies pertaining to student debt, registered voters are overwhelmingly supportive of lower interest rates on student loans (88%) and increased grant funding for costs associated with college (73%). Support for lower interest rates on student loans is highest among non-millennial voters (90% among ages 39-54, 93% among ages 55+). On the other hand, millennial voters are more supportive of a federally-funded program that would fully pay for any student seeking a 4-year degree (63%, versus 45% of 55+ voters) or a 2-year degree (67%, versus 54% of 55+ voters) When asked whether they would still support federal student loan debt forgiveness and federal funding to fully pay for college f they were funded by a 2 percent tax on Americans worth $50 million or more, gaps in support by age remain largely unchanged. Hearing how these programs would be paid for does not change views significantly.
Two in five of registered voters (40%), and over half of millennial voters (54%), report borrowing money to help pay for their education. Among voters who borrowed money, older voters tend to report borrowing less than their younger counterparts. Baby boomer voters (55+) borrowed an average of about $18,000, while Generation X voters (39-54) and millennial voters borrowed more (on average, about $24,000 and $28,000, respectively). Half of all voters who borrowed money for education have paid it back, with older generations more likely to say this is the case. Nearly three-quarters of baby boomer voters (72%) report paying off all their student debt, compared to less than a third of millennials (31%).
About the Study
These are findings from an Ipsos poll conducted May 8-13, 2019. For the survey, a sample of roughly 2,008 adults 18+ from the continental U.S., Alaska and Hawaii were interviewed online in English. The sample includes 1,640 registered voters, 469 millennial registered voters (ages 18-38), 428 Generation X registered voters (ages 39-54), and 743 baby boomer registered voters (ages 55+). The sample also includes 1,090 Democrats and Independents, 900 Democratic and Independent registered voters, 247 Democratic and Independent millennial registered voters, 231 Democratic and Independent Generation X registered voters, 422 Democratic and Independent baby boomer registered voters, 722 adults who borrowed money for education, 667 registered voters who borrowed money for education, 268 millennial registered voters who borrowed money for education, 199 Generation X registered voters who borrowed money for education, and 200 baby boomer registered voters who borrowed money for education.
The sample for this study was randomly drawn from Ipsos’ online panel (see link below for more info on “Access Panels and Recruitment”), partner online panel sources, and “river” sampling (see link below for more info on the Ipsos “Ampario Overview” sample method) and does not rely on a population frame in the traditional sense. Ipsos uses fixed sample targets, unique to each study, in drawing a sample. After a sample has been obtained from the Ipsos panel, Ipsos calibrates respondent characteristics to be representative of the U.S. Population using standard procedures such as raking-ratio adjustments. The source of these population targets is U.S. Census 2013 American Community Survey data. The sample drawn for this study reflects fixed sample targets on demographics. Post-hoc weights were made to the population characteristics on gender, age, race/ethnicity, region, and education.
Statistical margins of error are not applicable to online polls. All sample surveys and polls may be subject to other sources of error, including, but not limited to coverage error and measurement error. Where figures do not sum to 100, this is due to the effects of rounding. The precision of Ipsos online polls is measured using a credibility interval. In this case, the poll has a credibility interval of plus or minus 2.5 percentage points for all respondents. Ipsos calculates a design effect (DEFF) for each study based on the variation of the weights, following the formula of Kish (1965). This study had a credibility interval adjusted for design effect of the following (n=2,008, DEFF=1.5, adjusted Confidence Interval=+/-4.0 percentage points).
The poll also has a credibility interval plus or minus 2.8 percentage points for all registered voters, 5.2 percentage points for millennial registered voters, 5.4 percentage points for Generation X registered voters, 4.1 percentage points for baby boomer registered voters, 3.7 percentage points for Democratic and Independent registered voters, 7.1 percentage points for Democratic and Independent millennial registered voters, 7.4 percentage points for Democratic and Independent Generation X registered voters, and 5.4 percentage points for Democratic and Independent baby boomer registered voters.
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