Americans split on likelihood to receive new COVID-19 booster

Democrats, older Americans, and the college-educated are especially likely to report plans to get the updated booster

The author(s)
  • Chris Jackson Senior Vice President, US, Public Affairs
  • Mallory Newall Vice President, US, Public Affairs
  • Charlie Rollason Research Manager, US, Public Affairs
  • Johnny Sawyer Research Manager, US, Public Affairs
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Washington, DC, October 6th, 2023 – A new Ipsos poll, provided exclusively to Axios, finds that Americans are evenly divided in their plans to receive or skip the updated COVID-19 booster shot. As of early October, 6% of Americans report having already received the updated COVID-19 booster. Another 43% say they are likely to receive it, with 30% saying they are very likely to get boosted. Meanwhile, half of Americans say they are unlikely to receive the vaccine, with 37% saying they are not at all likely to receive it. Given that most Americans (67%) fall into the very likely or not at all likely categories, Americans’ views around taking the new COVID-19 booster are generally solidified.

Overall, differences by party affiliation are primarily driving the split in plans to receive the updated COVID-19 booster shot. While 70% of Democrats say they are likely to or have already received the updated booster, just 28% of Republicans say the same. On the other hand, 71% of Republicans say they are unlikely to receive the updated booster, and just 30% of Democrats say the same. Independents are more evenly split, as 51% say they have already received the updated booster or are likely to and 49% say they are unlikely to. Beyond party affiliation, differences in plans to receive the updated COVID-19 booster emerge by age and educational attainment, with college-educated Americans and those over age 50 more likely to have received or to plan to receive the new booster.

As the rollout has faced some hurdles, our poll finds that roughly one in ten Americans (9%) have had difficulty, or know someone who has had difficulty, finding an available vaccine appointment. Fewer say they or someone they know has had their appointment canceled (6%) or faced insurance difficulties (4%). 

For more information about this study, please click here.

About the Study

This Ipsos poll, provided exclusively to Axios, was conducted from September 29 to October 1, 2023, using the probability-based KnowledgePanel®. This poll is based on a nationally representative probability sample of 1,025 adults age 18 or older.

The survey was conducted using KnowledgePanel, the largest and most well-established online probability-based panel that is representative of the adult U.S. population. Our recruitment process employs a scientifically developed addressed-based sampling methodology using the latest Delivery Sequence File of the USPS – a database with full coverage of all delivery points in the U.S. Households invited to join the panel are randomly selected from all available households in the U.S. Persons in the sampled households are invited to join and participate in the panel. Those selected who do not already have internet access are provided a tablet and internet connection at no cost to the panel member. Those who join the panel and who are selected to participate in a survey are sent a unique password-protected log-in used to complete surveys online. As a result of our recruitment and sampling methodologies, samples from KnowledgePanel cover all households regardless of their phone or internet status and findings can be reported with a margin of sampling error and projected to the general population.

The study was conducted in English. The data were weighted to adjust for gender by age, race/ethnicity, education, Census region, metropolitan status, household income, and party identification. The demographic benchmarks came from 2022 Current Population Survey (CPS) from the US Census Bureau. Party ID benchmarks are from recent ABC News/Washington Post telephone polls. The weighting categories were as follows:

  • Gender (Male, Female) by Age (18–29, 30–44, 45–59, and 60+)
  • Race/Hispanic Ethnicity (White Non-Hispanic, Black Non-Hispanic, Other or 2+ Races Non-Hispanic, Hispanic)
  • Education (High School graduate or less, Some College, Bachelor and beyond)
  • Census Region (Northeast, Midwest, South, West)
  • Metropolitan status (Metro, non-Metro)
  • Household Income (Under $25,000, $25,000-$49,999, $50,000-$74,999, $75,000-$99,999, $100,000-$149,999, $150,000+)
  • Party ID (Democrat, Republican, Independent, Something else)

The margin of sampling error is plus or minus 3.3 percentage points at the 95% confidence level, for results based on the entire sample of adults. The margin of sampling error takes into account the design effect, which was 1.18. The margin of sampling error is higher and varies for results based on sub-samples. Sampling error is only one potential source of error. There may be other unmeasured non-sampling error in this or any poll. In our reporting of the findings, percentage points are rounded off to the nearest whole number. As a result, percentages in a given table column may total slightly higher or lower than 100%. In questions that permit multiple responses, columns may total substantially more than 100%, depending on the number of different responses offered by each respondent.

About Ipsos

Ipsos is one of the largest market research and polling companies globally, operating in 90 markets and employing over 18,000 people.

Our passionately curious research professionals, analysts and scientists have built unique multi-specialist capabilities that provide true understanding and powerful insights into the actions, opinions and motivations of citizens, consumers, patients, customers or employees. We serve more than 5000 clients across the world with 75 business solutions.

Founded in France in 1975, Ipsos is listed on the Euronext Paris since July 1st, 1999. The company is part of the SBF 120 and the Mid-60 index and is eligible for the Deferred Settlement Service (SRD).

ISIN code FR0000073298, Reuters ISOS.PA, Bloomberg IPS:FP www.ipsos.com

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The author(s)
  • Chris Jackson Senior Vice President, US, Public Affairs
  • Mallory Newall Vice President, US, Public Affairs
  • Charlie Rollason Research Manager, US, Public Affairs
  • Johnny Sawyer Research Manager, US, Public Affairs

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