Public Attitudes to Science (PAS) 2014 is the fifth in a series of studies looking at attitudes to science, scientists and science policy among the UK public. Ipsos MORI conducted the study in partnership with the British Science Association, on behalf of the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) and the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).
For the first time in the series, PAS 2014 uses social listening and online research with the Ipsos MORI Connects online community, alongside the nationwide face-to-face survey, to build a picture of how the public engages with science online as well as offline. Also for the first time, it explores public attitudes towards four of the Government’s Eight Great Technologies: big data, agri-science, robotics and emerging energy technologies, such as fracking to extract shale gas.
The study shows that the UK public are as enthusiastic about science as they ever have been, with attitudes to science having come a long way over the past 25 years:
- More now agree that “it is important to know about science in my daily life” (72% agree, versus 57% in 1988).
- People are now more comfortable about the pace of change – just a third (34%, versus 49% in 1988) now agree that “science makes people’s lives change too fast”.
By the same token, people hold scientists and engineers in high regard. Nine-in-ten think that scientists (90%) and engineers (88%) make a valuable contribution to society and both are viewed on balance as creative, interesting and open-minded people.
However, many still do not know how scientists go about their work. A third (35%) still think that scientists adjust their findings to get the answers they want, and three-in-ten (29%) think scientific research is never or only occasionally checked by other scientists before being published.
Ultimately, PAS 2014 strongly underlines the importance of engaging the public with science, to address people’s concerns and deal with any misconceptions. Half (51%) still say they hear and see too little about science. Seven-in-ten (69%) think that “scientists should listen more to what ordinary people think” and three-quarters (75%) think that “the Government should act in accordance with public concerns about science and technology”.
(Click or tap the infographic to enlarge)
Watch a video of participants in the qualitative research discussing how they think the public could become more engaged with science.
Ben Page: What to Expect from Public Attitudes to Science 2014
Paul Nurse, President of the Royal Society notes:
“It is encouraging to see such a steady growth in support for science in recent years. Not only are people in support of the role science plays in our economy, but many see the intrinsic value in academic scientific endeavour and recognise science as an important part of our culture.”
Imran Khan, Chief Executive of the British Science Association says:
“We want Britain to be seen as a scientific nation, and to see itself as one – to pride ourselves on our economy, our culture, and our education system being intertwined with scientific success. The PAS survey is therefore incredibly important in providing evidence of what we’re doing well and what we need to do better when it comes to making sure people feel engaged with science.”
Hilary Leevers, Head of Education and Learning at the Wellcome Trust, which runs the Wellcome Trust Monitor survey, said:
“It is great to again see the public’s positivity towards science and appetite to know more. Wellcome supports an exciting range of engagement activities that bring science, scientists and the public together. PAS 2014 reports that two-thirds of people have gone to this sort of event in the previous year, although we must work harder to reach less affluent groups. It is disheartening to see that almost twice as many women than men think that school put them off science; efforts to address this must be improved with some urgency.”
- Download the Main Report (PDF, 3MB) Note: This report and the accessible version were amended on 4 January 2015 to remove a paragraph on p.156 following an error pointed out to Ipsos MORI.
- Download the Main Report (Accessible PDF, 3MB) Note: This is an accessible PDF, tailored for people with visual impairment, but fonts may appear distorted on normal Adobe PDF readers.
- Download the Technical Report (PDF, 5MB)
- Download the infographic summarising the key findings (PDF, 400K)
As part of the wider Public Attitudes to Science project, Ipsos MORI was commissioned by Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the Office for National Statistics (ONS) to conduct a public dialogue examining the public’s views on using linked administrative data for research purposes.
A series of standalone reports have been created covering the findings of the social listening (key findings are also summarised in the overall Main Report):
- Download the social listening overall findings slide pack (PDF, 1MB)
- Download the social listening wave 1 findings slide pack, covering horsemeat and the Chelyabinsk meteor (PDF, 1MB)
- Download the social listening wave 2 findings slide pack, covering measles and genetically modified (GM) crops (PDF, 1.2MB)
- Download the social listening wave 3 findings slide pack, covering fracking and the badger cull (PDF, 1MB)
- Download the social listening wave 4 findings slide pack, covering climate change and animal research (PDF, 1.2MB)
- Download the topline results (PDF 1MB)
- Download the main survey computer tables, covering all adults aged 16+ (PDF 8MB)
- Download the main and booster survey combined computer tables, covering young adults aged 16-24 (PDF 8MB)
- Download the 2014 main and booster survey SPSS data files (ZIP file, 362KB)
- Download the SPSS data file combining data from all PAS studies (ZIP file, 1.2MB) Note: The SPSS requires WinZip, 7-Zip or similar software to unzip the file, and SPSS software to view the data
PAS 2014 employed a mix of methodologies, including:
- A representative probability sample survey of 1,749 UK (Great Britain and Northern Ireland) adults aged 16+ and a booster quota survey of 315 16-24 year-olds in the UK, which were carried out from 15 July to 18 November 2013
- Face-to-face qualitative research with a general public audience to further explore issues raised by the survey data
- Online qualitative research with the Ipsos MORI Connects online community and social listening to explore how people find out about and discuss science online.